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|Title:||Bioelectrochemically-assisted recovery of valuable resources from urine|
Barbosa, Sónia G.
ter Heijne, A.
Alves, M. M.
Pereira, M. A.
|Citation:||Peixoto, L.; Barbosa, Sónia G.; ter Heijne, A.; Kuntke, P.; Alves, M. Madalena; Pereira, M. Alcina, Bioelectrochemically-assisted recovery of valuable resources from urine. Book of Abstracts of CEB Annual Meeting 2017. Braga, 6 July, 72, 2017. ISBN: 978-989-97478-8-3|
|Abstract(s):||[Excerpt] Source separated urine is highly concentrated in nutrients and biodegradable compounds. This work explores the potential of combining nutrient recovery from urine with simultaneous energy production in bioelectrochemical systems (BES), under the FP7 project "ValueFromUrine". Non-spontaneous phosphorus (P) recovery by struvite precipitation was analysed by adding three different magnesium (Mg) sources (magnesium chloride (MgCl2), magnesium hydroxide (Mg(OH)2) and magnesium oxide (MgO)). A statistical design of experiments was used to evaluate the effect of Mg:P molar ratio (1:1, 1.5:1 and 2:1) combined with stirring speed (30, 45 and 60 rpm) for each Mg source tested. MgO at 2:1 molar ratio and a stirring speed of 30 rpm allowed to achieve the highest P recovery efficiency (99 %) with struvite crystals size of 50 to 100 μm . Urine obtained after P recovery, showed high concentration of biodegradable compounds being subsequently fed as substrate in a microbial fuel cell (MFC). Microbial acclimation to urine was performed in a MFC resulting in an anaerobic community successfully enriched in “urine-degrading” electroactive microorganisms. When compared to the control assay operated without preliminary microbial enrichment (81±9 mA m-2), the acclimation method achieved significantly higher current density (455 mA m-2) (p<0.05). Tissierella and Paenibacillus were the dominant genus identified in the adapted microbial community. Tissierella can convert creatinine to acetate, whereas bacterial species belonging to the Paenibacillus genus are known to function as exoelectrogens. Corynebacterium that comprise urea-hydrolysing bacteria was also detected in the developed biofilms. [...]|
|Description:||Book of Abstracts of CEB Annual Meeting 2017|
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