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TitleCellulose nanocrystals from grape pomace: production, properties and cytotoxicity assessment
Author(s)Coelho, C. C. S.
Michelin, Michele
Cerqueira, Miguel A.
Gonçalves, Catarina
Tonon, Renata V.
Pastrana, Lorenzo M.
Freitas-Silva, Otniel
Vicente, A. A.
Cabral, Lourdes M. C.
Teixeira, J. A.
Issue date2018
JournalCarbohydrate Polymers
CitationCoelho, C. C. S.; Michelin, Michele; Cerqueira, Miguel A.; Gonçalves, Catarina; Tonon, Renata V.; Pastrana, Lorenzo M.; Freitas-Silva, Otniel; Vicente, António A.; Cabral, Lourdes M. C.; Teixeira, José A., Cellulose nanocrystals from grape pomace: production, properties and cytotoxicity assessment. Carbohydrate Polymers, 192, 327-336, 2018
Abstract(s)Cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs) were obtained from grape pomace through chemical and physical pretreatments. Bleached cellulose pulp was subjected to acid hydrolysis (AH) for 30 or 60min and an ultrasound treatment to obtain CNCs (AH30Sand AH60S). Compositional analyses of untreated (UGP) and pretreated (PGP) grape pomace showed the effectiveness of pretreatment in removing non-cellulosic components, recovering 80.1% cellulose in PGP (compared to 19.3% of UGP). Scanning and transmission electron microscopies were used to evaluate the CNCs morphology. AH in combination with ultrasound treatment led to needle-shaped structures and apparently more dispersed suspensions. Crystallinity index and thermal stability were studied by X-ray diffraction and thermogravimetric analysis, respectively. The AH60S sample presented high aspect ratio, crystallinity and thermal stability. CNCs toxicity was evaluated by exposing Caco-2 cells to CNCs suspension and evaluating their viability. Results showed that CNCs are non-toxic, opening the opportunity for their use on food and pharmaceutical applications.
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AccessOpen access
Appears in Collections:CEB - Publicações em Revistas/Séries Internacionais / Publications in International Journals/Series

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