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TitleNanocellulose reinforced gellan-gum hydrogels as potential biological substitutes for annulus fibrosus tissue regeneration
Author(s)Pereira, Diana R.
Silva-Correia, Joana
Oliveira, Joaquim M.
Reis, R. L.
Pandit, Abhay
Biggs, Manus J.
KeywordsAnnulus fibrosus
Intervertebral disc degeneration
Methacrylated gellan-gum
Nanocomposite hydrogels
Issue dateApr-2018
JournalNanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
Abstract(s)Intervertebral disc (IVD) degeneration is associated with both structural damage and aging related degeneration. Annulus fibrosus (AF) defects such as annular tears, herniation and discectomy require novel tissue engineering strategies to functionally repair AF tissue. An ideal construct will repair the AF by providing physical and biological support, facilitating regeneration. The presented strategy herein proposes a gellan gum-based construct reinforced with cellulose nanocrystals (nCell) as a biological self-gelling AF substitute. Nanocomposite hydrogels were fabricated and characterized with respect to hydrogel swelling capacity, degradation rate in vitro and mechanical properties. Rheological evaluation on the nanocomposites demonstrated the GGMA reinforcement with nCell promoted matrix entanglement with higher scaffold stiffness observed upon ionic crosslinking. Compressive mechanical tests demonstrated compressive modulus values close to those of the human AF tissue. Furthermore, cell culture studies with encapsulated bovine AF cells indicated that nanocomposite constructs promoted cell viability and a physiologically relevant cell morphology for up to fourteen days in vitro.
AccessRestricted access (UMinho)
Appears in Collections:3B’s - Artigos em revistas/Papers in scientific journals

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