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TitleFragility curves for free and restrained rocking masonry façades in one-sided motion
Author(s)Giresini, Linda
Casapulla, Claudia
Denysiuk, Roman
Matos, José C.
Sassu, Mauro
One-sided motion
Fragility curves
Horizontal restraints
Masonry façades
Intensity measures
Masonry fa ades
Issue dateJun-2018
JournalEngineering Structures
CitationGiresini, L., Casapulla, C., Denysiuk, R., Matos, J., & Sassu, M. (2018). Fragility curves for free and restrained rocking masonry façades in one-sided motion. Engineering Structures, 164, 195-213.
Abstract(s)This paper deals with the need of extending results of deterministic rocking analyses to stochastic analyses on restrained masonry façades in one-sided motion. The purpose is to define the level of improvement achieved with any anti-seismic device of a given stiffness and strength, in terms of reduction of probability of exceedance of a certain limit state. The most efficient intensity measures (IMs) are identified for three masonry façades of churches in free and restrained conditions. A reliability analysis is carried out by considering over 70 earthquakes, of which 50 recorded during the recent 2016–2017 Central Italy Earthquake. Four limit states are taken into account: rocking initiation, limited rocking, moderate rocking and near-collapse condition. The yielding limit state is considered for the analysis with anti-seismic devices. Univariate and bivariate fragility curves (FCs) are compared in free and restrained configurations, to discuss the reduction of probability of exceedance depending on 15 intensity measures. The results show that the best IMs are velocity-based parameters, in particular the Fajfar Index and Peak Ground Velocity, together with Peak Ground Acceleration. In one-sided motion without restraints, the higher the compression stiffness of the sidewalls, the more unstable the wall is in probabilistic terms. Practical curves show, for each IM, the reduction of probability of exceedance obtained thanks to assumed horizontal restraints. These help to understand, in a stochastic perspective, to what extent the anti-seismic device can be beneficial or detrimental (in case of amplifications of motion) for given earthquake intensities. The comparison of univariate and bivariate FCs confirms the superiority of bivariate FCs. Indeed, often the univariate curves sensitively underestimate the probability of exceedance, especially for low-medium intensity earthquakes, and are not able to offer any information regarding the influence of other IMs
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AccessRestricted access (Author)
Appears in Collections:ISISE - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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