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TitleSocial dialogue and vulnerable groups: young people, old workers: the Portuguese perspective
Author(s)Moreira, Teresa Alexandra Coelho
Issue date2016
PublisherUniversidad de Sevilla. Facultad de Derecho
Journale-Revista Internacional de la Protección Social
CitationMoreira, T. C. (2016). Social Dialogue and Vulnerable Groups: Young People, Old Workers: The Portuguese Perspective. e-Revista Internacional de la Protección Social, 1(1), 177-208.
Abstract(s)The financial crisis that hit the global market in the middle of 2008 gave way to the sharpest contraction of the European economies since the Great Depression, a crisis that has resulted in widespread job losses and social hardship. Unemployment, especially youth and long term unemployment, is destructively high, and a growing numbers of workers are found among the working poor, and an evolving awareness of inequality has galvanised policy debates across the globe and Portugal is no exception to this situation. A growing cohort of workers, especially among the young and old, is shouldering the flexibility that employers demand, leading to growing job insecurity and a greater inability of workers to manage their working hours and ensure a decent income. In this paper we highlight that policies promoting employment and equality and nondiscrimination must focus on the groups of employees with the most severe problems in the labour market. One of these groups, among others, are young people and older ones, since the risks of long-term social exclusion has strongly increased in Europe for them. Secure jobs, which were once the norm for previous generations in Portugal, have become less easily accessible for today’s youth. At the same time, informal employment among young people remains pervasive and transitions to decent work are slow and difficult. With this paper we try to dedicate special attention to this disadvantage group, because we think that it is both a social emergency and an economic necessity. It is also of core importance to develop Active Labour Market Policy who has the aim to transfer the use of passive support to active help for integration of people in the labour market, like the Youth Guarantee programme that Portugal established. The role of the social partners and social dialogue is also critical in this context, as they have a significant part to play in shaping and improving working conditions
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