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dc.contributor.authorGarcía-Orza, Javierpor
dc.contributor.authorComesaña, Montserratpor
dc.contributor.authorPiñeiro, Anapor
dc.contributor.authorSoares, Ana Paulapor
dc.contributor.authorPerea, Manuelpor
dc.description.abstractRecent research has shown that leet words (i.e., words in which some of the letters are replaced by visually similar digits; e.g., VIRTU4L) can be processed as their base words without much cost. However, it remains unclear whether the digits inserted in leet words are simply processed as letters or whether they are simultaneously processed as numbers (i.e., in terms of access to their quantity representation). To address this question, we conducted two experiments that examined the size congruity effect (i.e., when comparisons of the physical size of numbers are affected by their numerical magnitudes) in a physical-size judgment task. Participants were presented with pairs of leet words that were nominally identical except for the embedded digit (e.g., VIR7UAL-VIRTU4L) and were asked to decide as quickly and accurately as possible which word in the pair appeared in a bigger font. In Experiment 1, we examined the congruity effect (congruent: VIRTU4L-VIR7UAL vs. incongruent: VIR7UAL-VIRTU4L vs. neutral: VIR7UAL- VIR7UAL) and the numerical distance effect (distance 1: PAN3L-P4NEL vs. distance 3: VIRTU4L-VIR7UAL). To examine whether the meaning of these words was accessed, we also manipulated word frequency (i.e., a marker of lexical access) in Experiment 2. Results revealed effects of congruity, distance, and word frequency, thus suggesting automatic access to both number quantity and word representations for leet words. These findings favor multidimensional accounts of number/word recognition.por
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work was supported by Grants PSI-2012-38423 and PSI2014-53444-P from the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness (MINECO). We thank Ismael Rodríguez-Montenegro for his help in collecting data. We also thank Joseph Tzelgov, Serje Robidoux, and an anonymous reviewer for very helpful comments on an earlier version of this article.por
dc.publisherAmerican Psychological Associationpor
dc.subjectIeet wordspor
dc.subjectQuantity representationspor
dc.subjectAutomatic processingpor
dc.subjectLexical representationspor
dc.subjectNumerical Stroop taskpor
dc.subjectleet wordspor
dc.titleIs VIRTU4L Larger Than VIR7UAL?: automatic processing of number quantity and lexical representations in leet wordspor
dc.subject.fosCiências Sociais::Psicologiapor
dc.subject.wosSocial Sciencespor
sdum.journalJournal of Experimental Psychology: Learning Memory and Cognitionpor
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