Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/1822/52564

TítuloFacilitative effect of cognate words vanishes when reducing the orthographic overlap: the role of stimuli list composition
Autor(es)Comesaña, Montserrat
Ferré, Pilar
Romero, Joaquim José Barbosa
Guasch, Marc
Soares, Ana Paula
García-Chico, Teófilo
Palavras-chaveIdentical and non-identical cognate processing
Phonological and orthographic similarities
Stimuli list composition
Bilingual memory
EditoraAmerican Psychological Association
RevistaJournal of Experimental Psychology: Learning Memory and Cognition
CitaçãoComesaña, M., Ferré, P., Guasch, M., Romero, J., Soares, A. P., & García-Chico, T. (2015). Facilitative effect of cognate words vanishes when reducing the orthographic overlap: The effect of stimuli list composition. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 41(3), 614-635.
Resumo(s)Recent research has shown that cognate word processing is modulated by variables such as degree of orthographic and phonological overlap of cognate words and task requirements, in such a way that the typical preferential processing observed in the literature for cognate words relative to noncognate words can be annuled or even reversed (Comesaña et al., 2012; Dijkstra, Miwa, Brummelhuis, Sappelli, & Baayen, 2010). These findings beg the question about the precise representation and processing of identical (plata-plata, silver in Spanish and Catalan respectively) and non-identical cognates (braç-brazo [arm]). The aim of the present study was to further explore this issue by manipulating for the first time cross-linguistic similarities of identical and non-identical cognate words as well as stimuli list composition. Proficient balanced Catalan-Spanish bilinguals performed a lexical decision task in Spanish. In experiment 1 identical and non-identical cognates along with noncognates made up the experimental list whereas in experiment 2 identical cognates were excluded from the list. Results showed modulations in cognate processing as a function of their degree of orthographic and phonological overlap. These results confirm prior findings regarding the processing of cognates when cross-linguistic similarities are taken into account. Most importantly, the direction of the cognate effect was affected by the stimuli list composition (i.e., the preferential processing for cognate words was restricted to the list containing identical cognates). Results have important implications for the Bilingual Interactive Activation Plus model (BIA+, Dijkstra & van Heuven, 2002), especially regarding identical and non-identical cognate word representation.
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