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TitleTi6Al4V laser surface preparation and functionalization using hydroxyapatite for biomedical applications
Author(s)Faria, D.
Abreu, C. S.
Buciumeanu, Mihaela
Dourado, N.
Carvalho, Óscar Samuel Novais
Silva, F. S.
Miranda, G.
Laser sintering
Laser texturing
Issue date2018
JournalJournal of Biomedical Materials Research Part B: Applied Biomaterials
Abstract(s)This work presents a novel texture design for implants surface functionalization, through the creation of line-shaped textures on Ti6Al4V surfaces and subsequent sintering of hydroxyapatite (HAp) powder into the designated locations. HAp-rich locations were designed to avoid HAp detachment during insertion, thus guaranteeing an effective osseointegration. This process starts by creating textured lines using a Nd:YAG laser, filling these lines with HAp powder and sintering HAp using a CO2laser. The adhesion of HAp is known to be influenced by HAp sintering parameters, especially laser power and scanning speed and also by the textured lines manufacturing. Different laser parameters combinations were used to assess the sintering and adhesion of HAp to the textured lines. HAp adhesion was assessed by performing high energy ultrasonic cavitation tests and sliding tests mimicking an implant insertion, with Ti6Al4V/HAp specimens sliding against animal bone. The HAp content retained after these tests was measured and results showed that an excellent HAp sintering and adhesion was achieved when using a scan speed of 1 mm/s and laser power between 9 and 9.6 W. It is important to emphasize that results indicated that the HAp bioactivity was maintained when using these conditions, validating this functionalization process for the production of hip prosthesis with improved bioactivity.
AccessRestricted access (UMinho)
Appears in Collections:DEM - Artigos em revistas de circulação internacional com arbitragem científica

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