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TitleFracture characterization of human cortical bone under mode II loading using the end-notched flexure test
Author(s)Silva, F. G. A.
Moura, M. F. S. F. de
Dourado, N.
Xavier, J.
Pereira, F. A. M.
Morais, J. J. L.
Dias, M. I. R.
Lourenço, Paulo J.
Judas, Fernando M.
Fracture characterization
Mode II
ENF test
Cohesive zone modeling
Issue dateAug-2017
JournalMedical & Biological Engineering & Computing
Abstract(s)Fracture characterization of human cortical bone under mode II loading was analyzed using a miniaturized version of the end-notched flexure test. A data reduction scheme based on crack equivalent concept was employed to overcome uncertainties on crack length monitoring during the test. The crack tip shear displacement was experimentally measured using digital image correlation technique to determine the cohesive law that mimics bone fracture behavior under mode II loading. The developed procedure was validated by finite element analysis using cohesive zone modeling considering a trapezoidal with bilinear softening relationship. Experimental load-displacement curves, resistance curves and crack tip shear displacement versus applied displacement were used to validate the numerical procedure. The excellent agreement observed between the numerical and experimental results reveals the appropriateness of the proposed test and procedure to characterize human cortical bone fracture under mode II loading. The proposed methodology can be viewed as a novel valuable tool to be used in parametric and methodical clinical studies regarding features (e.g., age, diseases, drugs) influencing bone shear fracture under mode II loading.
Publisher version
AccessRestricted access (UMinho)
Appears in Collections:DEM - Artigos em revistas de circulação internacional com arbitragem científica

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