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TitleLocalization and positioning systems for emergency responders: a survey
Author(s)Ferreira, André Filipe Gonçalves
Fernandes, Duarte Manuel Azevedo
Catarino, André P.
Monteiro, João L.
KeywordsEmergency responders
indoor localization
indoor positioning systems
localization methods
localization techniques
unknown and unstructured environments
Issue date2017
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
JournalIEEE Communications Surveys and Tutorials
Abstract(s)The availability of a reliable and accurate indoor positioning system (IPS) for emergency responders during on-duty missions is regarded as an essential tool to improve situational awareness of both the emergency responders and the incident commander. This tool would facilitate the mission planning, coordination, and accomplishment, as well as decrease the number of on-duty deaths. Due to the absence of global positioning system signal in indoor environments, many other signals and sensors have been proposed for indoor usage. However, the challenging scenarios faced by emergency responders imply explicit restrictions and requirements on the design of an IPS, making the use of some technologies, techniques, and methods inadequate on these scenarios. This survey identifies the specific requirements of an IPS for emergency responders and provides a tutorial coverage of the localization techniques and methods, highlighting the pros and cons of their use. Then, the existing IPSs specifically developed for emergency scenarios are reviewed and compared with a focus on the design choices, requirements, and additional features. By doing so, an overview of current IPS schemes as well as their performance is given. Finally, we discuss the main issues of the existing IPSs and some future directions.
AccessRestricted access (UMinho)
Appears in Collections:CAlg - Artigos em revistas internacionais/Papers in international journals

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