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TitlePsychometric properties of the Portuguese version of the Yale Food Addiction Scale
Author(s)Torres, Sandra
Camacho, Marta
Costa, Patrício Soares
Ribeiro, Gabriela
Santos, Osvaldo
Vieira, Filipa Mucha
Brandão, Isabel
Sampaio, Daniel
Maia, Albino J. Oliveira
KeywordsFood addiction
Issue date2017
JournalEating and Weight Disorders-Studies on Anorexia Bulimia and Obesity
CitationTorres, S., Camacho, M., Costa, P., Ribeiro, G., Santos, O., Vieira, F. M., ... & Oliveira-Maia, A. J. (2017). Psychometric properties of the Portuguese version of the Yale Food Addiction Scale. Eating and Weight Disorders-Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity, 22(2), 259-267
Abstract(s)Purpose Rising rates of obesity have been recently associated to the novel concept of food addiction (FA). The Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS) is the most widely used measure for examining FA (1) and analysis of its reliability and validity is expected to facilitate empirical research on the construct. Here, we tested the psychometric properties of a Portuguese version of the YFAS (P-YFAS), establishing its factor structure, reliability and construct validity. Methods Data were obtained from 468 Portuguese individuals, 278 sampled from non-clinical populations, and 190 among obese candidates for weight-loss surgery. A battery of self-report measures of eating behavior was applied. Results Confirmatory factor analysis verified a one-factor structure with acceptable fit, with item analysis suggesting the need to eliminate item 24 from the P-YFAS. Internal consistency (KR-20 = .82) and test-retest stability were adequate. Correlation analyses supported convergent and divergent validity of the P-YFAS, particularly in the clinical sample. Both FA symptom count and diagnosis, according to the P-YFAS, adequately discriminated between samples, with classification of FA met by 2.5 and 25.8% of the participants in the non-clinical and clinical samples, respectively. Conclusions These findings reinforce the use of P-YFAS in non-clinical and clinical populations. Future directions for extending YFAS validation are discussed.
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AccessOpen access
Appears in Collections:ICVS - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais com Referee

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