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TitleVDAC regulates AAC-mediated apoptosis and cytochrome c release in yeast
Author(s)Trindade, Dario Alexandre Martins
Pereira, Clara Isabel Ferreira
Chaves, Susana Alexandra Rodrigues
Manon, Stephen
Côrte-Real, Manuela
Sousa, Maria João
Cytochrome c
Acetic acid
Issue dateOct-2016
PublisherShared Science Publishers
JournalMicrobial Cell
CitationTrindade, D., Pereira, C., Chaves, S. R., Manon, S., Côrte-Real, M., & Sousa, M. J. (2016). VDAC regulates AAC-mediated apoptosis and cytochrome c release in yeast. Microbial Cell, 3(10), 500
Abstract(s)Mitochondrial outer membrane permeabilization is a key event in apoptosis processes leading to the release of lethal factors. We have previously shown that absence of the ADP/ATP carrier (AAC) proteins (yeast orthologues of mammalian ANT proteins) increased the resistance of yeast cells to acetic acid, preventing MOMP and the release of cytochrome c from mitochondria during acetic acid – induced apoptosis. On the other hand, deletion of POR1 (yeast voltage-dependent anion channel – VDAC) increased the sensitivity of yeast cells to acetic acid. In the present work, we aimed to further characterize the role of yeast VDAC in acetic acid – induced apoptosis and assess if it functionally interacts with AAC proteins. We found that the sensitivity to acetic acid resulting from POR1 deletion is completely abrogated by the absence of AAC proteins, and propose that Por1p acts as a negative regulator of acetic acid – induced cell death by a mechanism dependent of AAC proteins, by acting on AAC – dependent cytochrome c release. Moreover, we show that Por1p has a role in mitochondrial fusion that, contrary to its role in apoptosis, is not affected by the absence of AAC, and demonstrate that mitochondrial network fragmentation is not sufficient to induce release of cytochrome c or sensitivity to acetic acid – induced apoptosis. This work enhances our understanding on cytochrome c release during cell death, which may be relevant in pathological scenarios where MOMP is compromised
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