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TitleElemental biochemical analysis of the polysaccharides in the extracellular matrix of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Author(s)Oliveira, Fábio Luís Silva Faria
Carvalho, Joan
Belmiro, Celso L. R.
Ramalho, Gustavo
Pavão, Mauro
Lucas, Cândida
Ferreira, Célia
Extracellular matrix
Issue date2015
JournalJournal of Basic Microbiology
Abstract(s)In yeast multicellular aggregates, such as biofilms and colonies, cells are supported by a yeast extracellular matrix (yECM) of glycosidic nature, the composition of which is mostly unknown. Saccharomyces cerevisiae ECM was produced, extracted and partitioned. An analytical-grade pure glycoside fraction was obtained, fractionated by anionic exchange liquid chromatography and analyzed by gas chromatography–mass spectrometry and polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Two different molecular weight polysaccharides were found, composed of glucose, mannose and small relative amounts of galactose. One of the polysaccharides had a low molecular weight, compatible with the association with glycoproteins abundantly occurring in yECM. In addition, these polysaccharide species were separated by diaminopropane agarose gel electrophoresis and induced metachromatic shift, suggesting chemical substitution, which was corroborated by anticoagulation activity. This was shown to be associated with the double deletion of the yeast homologues of the mammalian Hedgehog modulators Hhatl and Hhat, respectively yeast Gup1 and Gup2. These results pioneer the study of the molecular biology of the ECM supporting S. cerevisiae multicellular aggregates such as biofilms.
Publisher version
AccessOpen access
Appears in Collections:DBio - Artigos/Papers

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