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TitleTHIS – Tool for Heat Island Simulation: a GIS extension model to calculate urban heat island intensity based on urban geometry
Author(s)Nakata-Osaki, Camila Mayumi
Souza, Léa Cristina Lucas
Rodrigues, Daniel Souto
KeywordsExtension model Algorithm
Geographic information system
Urban geometry
Urban heat island
Extension model
Issue date2018
JournalComputers, Environment and Urban Systems
CitationNakata-Osaki C. M., Souza C. L. Léa, Rodrigues D. S. THIS – Tool for Heat Island Simulation: A GIS extension model to calculate urban heat island intensity based on urban geometry, Computers, Environment and Urban Systems, Issue 67, pp. 157–168, doi:, 2018
Abstract(s)This paper presents the development of a simulation model, which was incorporated into a Geographic Information System (GIS) in order to calculate the maximum intensity of urban heat islands (UHImax) based on urban geometry data (using a H/W parameter). This tool is called THIS ? Tool for Heat Island Simulation. The urban heat island phenomenon is defined by the temperature rise in dense city centers compared with the surrounding countryside. The methodology of this study is based on a theoretical-numerical basis (Oke model), followed by the development of a calculation algorithm incorporated into the GIS platform, which is then adjusted and applied as exemplification. This adjustment was made by calibrating the Oke model for a case study based on two Brazilian cities and different various trends for different roughness length ranges were found. As a consequence, this work has resulted in the automation of an algorithm to obtain maximum intensity values of heat islands based on a simplified model. After finishing the subroutine, the application of the THIS in a simulation of different urban scenarios showed different trends in the UHImax value for the H/W ratio and the roughness length. The UHImax increases when the H/W ratio increases, but the urban canyons with greater roughness (larger areas of facades and more heterogeneous heights, Z0 ? 2.0) result in UHImax values of approximately two times smaller than canyons with less roughness (homogeneous with highest average areas occupied by buildings, Z0 < 2.0) for the same value as the H/W ratio. Overall, the developed tool has one aim: to simulate the effect of the isolated variable of urban geometry on the maximum intensity of nocturnal heat islands, considering different urban scenarios.
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AccessRestricted access (UMinho)
Appears in Collections:C-TAC - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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