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TitleMaternal and paternal mental-state talk and executive function in preschool children
Author(s)Baptista, Joana
Osório, Ana
Martins, Eva Costa
Castiajo, Paula Maria Santos
Barreto, Ana Luísa
Mateus, Vera
Soares, Isabel
Martins, Carla
KeywordsExecutive function
Father-child relations
Mother-child relations
Issue dateFeb-2017
JournalSocial Development
Abstract(s)The present study examined the relationship between parents’ mental-state talk and preschoolers’ executive function. Seventy-two children participated in the present study, as well as their mothers and fathers. When children were enrolled in the second preschool year, mothers’ and fathers’ use of mental-state references were assessed during a shared picture-book reading task with the child. Later, four months before admission to the first grade, preschoolers’ executive function was measured. Hierarchical regression analysis revealed that maternal, but not paternal, mental-state talk was a significant predictor of children’s executive function composite, even after accounting for child gender, age, verbal ability, and parental education. When looking at each of the EF components, maternal mental-state talk proved to be a predictor of set-shifting whereas no significant relations emerged with inhibitory control or working memory. These findings add to prior research on parenting quality and executive function in preschoolers.
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Appears in Collections:CIPsi - Artigos (Papers)

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