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TitleA particle swarm-based algorithm for optimization of multi-layered and graded dental ceramics
Author(s)Renani, Ehsan Askari
Flores, Paulo
Silva, Filipe Samuel
KeywordsDental restoration
Multi-layered and graded material
Particle swarm optimization
Thermal and bending stresses
Issue date2018
JournalJournal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Abstract(s)The thermal residual stresses (TRSs) generated owing to the cooling down from the processing temperature in layered ceramic systems can lead to crack formation as well as influence the bending stress distribution and the strength of the structure. The purpose of this study is to minimize the thermal residual and bending stresses in dental ceramics to enhance their strength as well as to prevent the structure failure. Analytical parametric models are developed to evaluate thermal residual stresses in zirconia-porcelain multi-layered and graded discs and to simulate the piston-on-ring test. To identify optimal designs of zirconia-based dental restorations, a particle swarm optimizer is also developed. The thickness of each interlayer and compositional distribution are referred to as design variables. The effect of layers number constituting the interlayer between two based materials on the performance of graded prosthetic systems is also investigated. The developed methodology is validated against results available in literature and a finite element model constructed in the present study. Three different cases are considered to determine the optimal design of graded prosthesis based on minimizing (a) TRSs; (b) bending stresses; and (c) both TRS and bending stresses. It is demonstrated that each layer thickness and composition profile have important contributions into the resulting stress field and magnitude.
AccessOpen access
Appears in Collections:DEM - Artigos em revistas de circulação internacional com arbitragem científica

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