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dc.contributor.authorMorais, Mónica Susana Diaspor
dc.contributor.authorPatrício, Patrícia Carvalhopor
dc.contributor.authorPinheiro, António Maria Restolho Mateuspor
dc.contributor.authorAlves, Nuno Dinis Lopes Oliveirapor
dc.contributor.authorSantos, Ana Rita Machado dospor
dc.contributor.authorCorreia, Joana Sofia Silvapor
dc.contributor.authorPereira, J.por
dc.contributor.authorPinto, Luísapor
dc.contributor.authorSousa, Nunopor
dc.contributor.authorPeixoto, João Miguel Seiça Bessapor
dc.identifier.citationMorais, M., Patrício, P., Mateus-Pinheiro, A., Alves, N. D., Machado-Santos, A. R., Correia, J. S., ... & Bessa, J. M. (2017). The modulation of adult neuroplasticity is involved in the mood-improving actions of atypical antipsychotics in an animal model of depression. Translational Psychiatry, 7(6), e1146por
dc.description.abstractDepression is a prevalent psychiatric disorder with an increasing impact in global public health. However, a large proportion of patients treated with currently available antidepressant drugs fail to achieve remission. Recently, antipsychotic drugs have received approval for the treatment of antidepressant-resistant forms of major depression. The modulation of adult neuroplasticity, namely hippocampal neurogenesis and neuronal remodeling, has been considered to have a key role in the therapeutic effects of antidepressants. However, the impact of antipsychotic drugs on these neuroplastic mechanisms remains largely unexplored. In this study, an unpredictable chronic mild stress protocol was used to induce a depressive-like phenotype in rats. In the last 3 weeks of stress exposure, animals were treated with two different antipsychotics: haloperidol (a classical antipsychotic) and clozapine (an atypical antipsychotic). We demonstrated that clozapine improved both measures of depressive-like behavior (behavior despair and anhedonia), whereas haloperidol aggravated learned helplessness in the forced-swimming test and behavior flexibility in a cognitive task. Importantly, an upregulation of adult neurogenesis and neuronal survival was observed in animals treated with clozapine, whereas haloperidol promoted a downregulation of these processes. Furthermore, clozapine was able to re-establish the stress-induced impairments in neuronal structure and gene expression in the hippocampus and prefrontal cortex. These results demonstrate the modulation of adult neuroplasticity by antipsychotics in an animal model of depression, revealing that the atypical antipsychotic drug clozapine reverts the behavioral effects of chronic stress by improving adult neurogenesis, cell survival and neuronal reorganization.por
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work was co-funded by the Life and Health Sciences Research Institute (ICVS), and Northern Portugal Regional Operational Programme (NORTE 2020), under the Portugal 2020 Partnership Agreement, through the European Regional Development Fund (FEDER) (Projects NORTE-01-0145-FEDER-000013 and NORTE-01-0145-FEDER-000023). This work has been also funded by FEDER funds, through the Competitiveness Factors Operational Programme (COMPETE) and by National funds, through the FCT, under the scope of the project POCI-01-0145-FEDER-007038. We thank Luís Martins and Ana Lima for the technical assistancepor
dc.publisherNature Publishing Grouppor
dc.titleThe modulation of adult neuroplasticity is involved in the mood-improving actions of atypical antipsychotics in an animal model of depressionpor
dc.subject.fosCiências Médicas::Medicina Básicapor
dc.subject.wosScience & Technologypor
sdum.journalTranslational Psychiatrypor
Appears in Collections:ICVS - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais com Referee

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