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TitleImmunosensor for pancreatic cancer based on electrospun nanofibers coated with carbon nanotubes or gold nanoparticles
Author(s)Soares, Juliana C.
Iwaki, Leonardo E. O.
Soares, Andrey C.
Rodrigues, Valquiria C.
Melendez, Matias Eliseo
Fregnani, José Humberto T. G.
Reis, R. M.
Carvalho, André Lopes
Corrêa, Daniel S.
Oliveira Júnior, Osvaldo N.
Issue date19-Oct-2017
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society (ACS)
JournalACS Omega
Abstract(s)We report the fabrication of immunosensors based on nanostructured mats of electrospun nanofibers of polyamide 6 and poly(allylamine hydrochloride) coated either with multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) or gold nanoparticles (AuNPs), whose three-dimensional structure was suitable for the immobilization of anti-CA19-9 antibodies to detect the pancreatic cancer biomarker CA19-9. Using impedance spectroscopy, the sensing platform was able to detect CA19-9 with a detection limit of 1.84 and 1.57 U mL-1 for the nanostructured architectures containing MWCNTs and AuNPs, respectively. The high sensitivity achieved can be attributed to the irreversible adsorption between antibodies and antigens, as confirmed with polarization-modulated infrared reflection absorption spectroscopy. The adsorption mechanism was typical Langmuir-Freundlich processes. The high sensitivity and selectivity of the immunosensors were also explored in tests with blood serum from patients with distinct concentrations of CA19-9, for which the impedance spectra data were processed with a multidimensional projection technique. The robustness of the immunosensors in dealing with patient samples without suffering interference from analytes present in biological fluids is promising for a simple, effective diagnosis of pancreatic cancer at early stages.
Publisher version
AccessOpen access
Appears in Collections:ICVS - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais com Referee

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