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|Title:||Fungal vaccines and immunotherapeutics: current concepts and future challenges|
|Author(s):||Carvalho, Agostinho Albérico Rodrigues|
Oliveira, Cláudio Duarte
Gonçalves, Samuel M.
Campos Jr., António
Lacerda, João F.
|Journal:||Current Fungal Infection Reports|
|Citation:||Carvalho, A., Duarte-Oliveira, C., Gonçalves, S. M., Campos, A., Lacerda, J. F., & Cunha, C. (2017). Fungal Vaccines and Immunotherapeutics: Current Concepts and Future Challenges. [Review]. Current Fungal Infection Reports, 11(1), 16-24. doi: 10.1007/s12281-017-0272-y|
|Abstract(s):||Purpose of review The remarkable advances in modern medicine have paradoxically resulted in a rapidly expanding population of immunocompromised patients displaying extreme susceptibility to life-threatening fungal infections. There are currently no licensed vaccines, and the prophylaxis and therapy of fungal infections in at-risk individuals remains challenging, contributing to undesirable mortality and morbidity rates. The design of successful antifungal preventive approaches has been hampered by an insufficient understanding of the dynamics of the host-fungus interaction and the mechanisms that underlie heterogenous immune responses to vaccines and immunotherapy. Recent findings Recent advances in proteomics and glycomics have contributed to the identification of candidate antigens for use in subunit vaccines, novel adjuvants, and delivery systems to boost the efficacy of protective vaccination responses that are becoming available, and several targets are being exploited in immunotherapeutic approaches. Summary We review some of the emerging concepts as well as the inherent challenges to the development of fungal vaccines and immunotherapies to protect at-risk individuals.|
|Appears in Collections:||ICVS - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais com Referee|
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