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TitleRaman and IR-ATR spectroscopy studies of heteroepitaxial structures with a GaN:C top layer
Author(s)Cerqueira, M. F.
Vieira, L. G.
Alves, A.
Correia, R.
Huber, M.
Andreev, A.
Bonanni, A.
Vasilevskiy, Mikhail
KeywordsRaman spectroscopy
ATR-IR spectroscopy
Carbon doping
Gallium nitride
Issue date2017
PublisherIOP Publishing
JournalJournal of Physics D: Applied Physics
CitationJournal of Physics D: Applied Physics 50, 365103 (2017)
Abstract(s)Raman spectroscopy, with both resonant and non-resonant excitation, and infra-red (IR) spectroscopy, in the attenuated total reflection (ATR) configuration, was employed to study lattice vibration modes in a set of carbon-doped GaN (GaN:C) epilayers grown by metalorganic vapour phase epitaxy (MOVPE). We analyse Raman and IR-ATR spectra from the point of view of possible effects of the carbon doping, namely: (i) local vibration mode of C atom in a N sublattice (whose frequency we theoretically estimate as 768 cm-1 using an isotope defect model), and (ii) shift in the positions of longitudinal modes owing to the phonon-plasmon coupling. We find only some indirect hints of the doping effect on the resonant Raman spectra. However, we show theoretically and confirm experimentally that the IR-ATR spectroscopy can be a much more sensitive tool for this purpose, at least for the considered structures. A weak perturbation of the dielectric function of GaN:C, caused by the substitutional carbon impurity, is shown to produce a measurable dip in the ATR reflectivity spectra at ≈ 770 cm-1, for both p- and s-polarizations. Moreover, it influences a specific (guided-wave-type) mode observed at ≈ 737 cm-1, originating from the GaN layer, which appears in the narrow frequency window where the real parts of the two components of the dielectric tensor of the hexagonal crystal have the opposite signs. This interpretation is supported by our modelling of the whole multilayer structure using a transfer matrix formalism.
Publisher version
AccessOpen access
Appears in Collections:CDF - CEP - Artigos/Papers (with refereeing)

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