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|Title:||Effect of carbon nanotubes on methane production in pure cultures of methanogens and in a syntrophic co-culture|
Salvador, Andreia Filipa Ferreira
Stams, Alfons Johannes Maria
Cavaleiro, Ana Júlia Viana
Pereira, M. A.
Alves, M. M.
|Citation:||Martins, Gilberto; Salvador, Andreia F.; Melle-Franco, Manuel; Serpa, Ricardo; Stams, A. J. M.; Cavaleiro, Ana Júlia; Pereira, M. Alcina; Alves, M. Madalena, Effect of carbon nanotubes on methane production in pure cultures of methanogens and in a syntrophic co-culture. ICBM-3 - 3rd International Conference on Biogas Microbiology. No. O40, Wageningen, The Netherlands, 1-3 May, 30-31, 2017.|
|Abstract(s):||Conductive materials have been reported to enhance methane production by anaerobic microbial communities from a wide diversity of substrates 1 . The mechanisms involved are far from being fully understood. Many studies suggest that these materials facilitate direct interspecies electron transfer (DIET) between electrogenic bacteria and methanogens and that this mechanism is even dominant over interspecies hydrogen and formate transfer 2,3. The effect of conductive materials in pure cultures of methanogens or in co-cultures of typical fatty acid-degrading syntrophs with methanogenic partners was never studied. In this work, the effect of carbon nanotubes (CNT) on the activity of pure cultures of Methanobacterium formicicum, Methanospirillum hungatei, Methanosarcina mazei and Methanosaeta concilii, and in the co-culture of Syntrophomonas wolfei and Methanospirillum hungatei was evaluated. The results showed that CNT affect methane production by methanogens. Initial methane production rate (MPR) increased 17 and 6 times when M. formicicum and M. hungatei were incubated with 5g·L-1 CNT, respectively. M. mazei and M. concilii‘ activities were higher when exposed to CNT concentrations of 0.1 to 1g·L-1 , but lower with 5g·L-1 . Increasing CNT concentrations resulted in more negative redox potentials, which correlated with the increased methanogenic activity. Remarkably, in the absence of a reducing agent, but in the presence of CNT, the MPR was higher than in incubations with reducing agent, while no growth was observed without reducing agent and without CNT. MPR from butyrate increased 1.5 fold in the presence of CNT (5g.L-1 ), showing a positive effect of CNT on the syntrophic coculture. Indications of DIET by the presence CNT were not obtained. Rather, CNT directly affects the activity of methanogens, which creates new opportunities to improve methane production from waste and wastewater in anaerobic digesters.|
|Description:||ICBM-3 - 3rd International Conference on Biogas Microbiology|
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