Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/1822/47190

TítuloIn vitro dysbiotic oral biofilms deregulate the host immune response
Autor(es)Herrero, Esteban Rodriguez
Fernandes, Sara
Verspecht, Tim
Boon, Nico
Bernaerts, Kristel
Teughels, Win
Data19-Set-2017
EditoraEuropean Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases (ESCMID)
CitaçãoHerrero, E. R.; Fernandes, S.; Verspecht, Tim; Boon, Nico; Bernaerts, K.; Teughels, W., In vitro dysbiotic oral biofilms deregulate the host immune response. EUROBIOFILMS 2017 - 5th European Congress on Microbial Biofilms. No. S-02, Amesterdam, Netherlands, 19-22 September, 7, 2017.
Resumo(s)An imbalance in the periodontal microbiota and dysbiosis deregulate the host immune response, leading to chronic inflammation. Since little is k nown about the initiation of dysbiosis, it can be hypothesized that some commensal bacteria can suppress the outgrowth of pathobionts by H 2 O 2 production. However, serum and blood components released during inflammation can neutralize this suppressive effec t, leading to the initiation of dysbiosis. The aim of this study is to determine if the neutralizing effect of serum, hemoglobin and hemin on the inhibitory effect of the commensal bacteria on pathobiont growth is translated in a more pronounced immune res ponse. Bacterial quantitative PCR, expression analysis of bacterial virulence and cellular inflammatory genes and cytokine quantification by ELISA were performed to quantify the pathobiont outgrowth and to detect possible differences in inflammatory respon se after exposure of cell cultures to homeostatic or dysbiotic biofilms. Peroxidases, serum and blood components neutralized the inhibitory effect of H 2 O 2 by exogenous peroxidase activity, increasing the pathobiont outgrowth. Moreover, the addition of seru m, peroxidase and blood compounds upregulated the main virulence genes of P. gingivalis and P. intermedia in multi - species biofilms. Exposure of epithelial and fibroblast cultures to these dysbiotic biofilms increased the expression of IL6, IL1β, TNFα and MMP8, but especially of IL8. Moreover, higher amounts of IL8 were produced after the challenge with dysbiotic biofilms. Conversely, homeostatic and commensal biofilms had a minor inflammatory response at expression and protein level. Overall, serum, peroxi dases or blood compounds allowed the outgrowth of pathobionts and increased their virulence. Dysbiotic biofilms enriched in pathobionts and virulence factors significantly increased the inflammatory response compared to homeostatic and commensal biofilms
TipoconferenceAbstract
DescriçãoEUROBIOFILMS 2017 - 5th European Congress on Microbial Biofilms
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/1822/47190
Versão da editorahttp://www.eurobiofilms.com/
Arbitragem científicayes
AcessoopenAccess
Aparece nas coleções:CEB - Resumos em Livros de Atas / Abstracts in Proceedings

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