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dc.contributor.authorPereira, Paulopor
dc.contributor.authorPais, Jorge C.por
dc.identifier.citationPereira P., Pais J. Main flexible pavement and mix design methods in Europe and challenges for the development of an European method, Journal of traffic and transportation engineering (English Edition), Vol. 4, Issue 4, pp. 316-346, doi:10.1016/j.jtte.2017.06.001, 2017por
dc.description.abstractPavement and mix design represent one of the key components within the life cycle of a road infrastructure, with links to political, economic, technical, societal and environmental issues. Recent researches related to the characteristics of materials and associated behavior models both for materials and pavement, made it appropriate to consider updating current pavement design methods, and especially in the USA this has already been in process while in Europe uses of the methods developed in the early 1970s. Thus, this paper firstly presents a brief historical overview of pavement design methods, highlighting early limitations of old empirical methods. Afterwards, French, UK and Shell methods currently in use in Europe will be presented, underlining their main components in terms of methodology, traffic, climatic conditions and subgrade. The asphalt mix design and modeling in Europe are presented with their inclusion in the pavement design methods. Finally, the main challenges for the development of a European pavement design method are presented as well as the recent research developments that can be used for that methodpor
dc.description.sponsorshipThe second author would like to express the support of Portuguese National Funding Agency for Science, Research and Technology (FCT) through scholarship SFRH/BSAB/114415/ 2016. This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.por
dc.publisherElsevier B.V.por
dc.subjectFuture challengespor
dc.subjectMix designpor
dc.subjectPavement designpor
dc.subjectRoad pavementpor
dc.titleMain flexible pavement and mix design methods in Europe and challenges for the development of an european methodpor
dc.subject.wosScience & Technologypor
sdum.journalJournal of Traffic and Transportation Engineeringpor
Appears in Collections:C-TAC - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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