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TitleIn Silico Screening of the Human Gut Metaproteome Identifies Th17-Promoting Peptides Encrypted in Proteins of Commensal Bacteria
Author(s)Hidalgo-Cantabrana, Claudio
Moro-García, Marco A.
Blanco-Míguez, Aitor
Fdez-Riverola, Florentino
Lourenço, Anália
Alonso-Arias, Rebeca
Sánchez, Borja
Keywordsbacterial peptides
Th17 response
CD4 cytokines
flow cytometry
gut metaproteome
Issue date8-Sep-2017
PublisherFrontiers Media
JournalFrontiers in Microbiology
CitationHidalgo-Cantabrana, Claudio; Moro-García, Marco A.; Blanco-Míguez, Aitor; Fdez-Riverola, Florentino; Lourenço, Anália; Alonso-Arias, Rebeca; Sánchez, Borja, In Silico Screening of the Human Gut Metaproteome Identifies Th17-Promoting Peptides Encrypted in Proteins of Commensal Bacteria. Frontiers in Microbiology, 8(1726), 2017
Abstract(s)Scientific studies focused on the role of the human microbiome over human health have generated billions of gigabits of genetic information during the last decade. Nowadays integration of all this information in public databases and development of pipelines allowing us to biotechnologically exploit this information are urgently needed. Prediction of the potential bioactivity of the products encoded by the human gut microbiome, or metaproteome, is the first step for identifying proteins responsible for the molecular interaction between microorganisms and the immune system. We have recently published the Mechanism of Action of the Human Microbiome (MAHMI) database (, conceived as a resource compiling peptide sequences with a potential immunomodulatory activity. Fifteen out of the 300 hundred million peptides contained in the MAHMI database were synthesised. These peptides were identified as being encrypted in proteins produced by gut microbiota members, they do not contain cleavage points for the major intestinal endoproteases and displayed high probability to have immunomodulatory bioactivity. The bacterial peptides FR-16 and LR-17 encrypted in proteins from B. longum DJ010A and B. fragilis YCH46 respectively, showed the higher immune modulation capability over human peripheral blood mononuclear cells. Both peptides modulated the immune response towards increases in the Th17 and decreases in the Th1 cell response, together with an induction of IL-22 production. These results strongly suggest the combined use of bioinformatics and in vitro tools as a first stage in the screening of bioactive peptides encrypted in the human gut metaproteome.
Publisher version
AccessOpen access
Appears in Collections:CEB - Publicações em Revistas/Séries Internacionais / Publications in International Journals/Series

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