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|Title:||Gelatin-based biodegradable ureteral stents for the treatment of urothelial tumors of the upper urinary tract cancer|
|Author(s):||Barros, Alexandre António Antunes|
Lima, Estêvão Augusto Rodrigues de
Duarte, Ana Rita C.
Healy, K. E.
Reis, R. L.
Upper urinary tract
|Publisher:||Mary Ann Liebert Inc.|
|Journal:||Tissue Engineering. Part A|
|Citation:||Barros A. A., Browne S., Oliveira C., Lima E., Duarte A. R. C., Healy K. E., Reis R. L. Gelatin-based Biodegradable Ureteral Stents For The Treatment Of Urothelial Tumors Of The Upper Urinary Tract Cancer, Tissue Engineering Part A, Vol. 22, Issue S1, doi:10.1089/ten.tea.2016.5000.abstracts., 2016|
|Abstract(s):||Upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) accounts for 5â 10% of urothelial carcinomas and is a disease that has not been widely studied as carcinoma of the bladder. To avoid the problems of conventional therapies, such as the need for frequent drug instillation due to poor drug retention, we developed a biodegradable ureteral stent (BUS) impregnated by supercritical fluid CO2Â (scCO2) with the most commonly used anti-cancer drugs, namely paclitaxel, epirubicin, doxorubicin, and gemcitabine. The release kinetics of anti-cancer therapeutics from drug-eluting stents was measured in artificial urine solution (AUS). TheÂ in vitroÂ release showed a faster release in the first 72h for the four anti-cancer drugs, after this time a plateau was achieved and finally the stent degraded after 9 days. Regarding the amount of impregnated drugs by scCO2, gemcitabine showed the highest amount of loading (19.57â Î¼gÂ drugÂ /mgÂ polymer: 2% loaded), while the lowest amount was obtained for paclitaxel (0.067â Î¼gÂ drugÂ /mgÂ polymer: 0.01% loaded). A cancer cell line (T24) was exposed to graded concentrations (0.01 to 2000â ng/ml) of each drug for 4 and 72 hours to determine the sensitivities of the cells to each drug (IC50). The direct and indirect contact study of the anti-cancer biodegradable ureteral stents with the T24 and HUVEC cell lines confirmed the anti-tumoral effect of the BUS impregnated with the four anti-cancer drugs tested, reducing by 75% of the viability of the T24 cell line after 72h and demonstrating minimal cytotoxic effect on HUVECs.|
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