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TitleAg (y) :TiN (x) thin films for dry biopotential electrodes: the effect of composition and structural changes on the electrical and mechanical behaviours
Author(s)Pedrosa, P.
Machado, D.
Borges, Joel Nuno Pinto
Rodrigues, M. S.
Alves, E.
Barradas, N. P.
Martin, N.
Evaristo, M.
Cavaleiro, A.
Fonseca, C.
Vaz, F.
Issue date1-Jan-2015
PublisherSpringer Verlag
JournalApplied Physics A: Materials Science and Processing
Abstract(s)In the present work, Agy:TiNx thin films, obtained by reactive DC magnetron sputtering, with decreasing [N]/[Ti] atomic ratios (from 1 to 0.1) and a fixed amount of Ag pellets placed in the erosion zone of a pure Ti target, were studied envisaging their application as biopotential electrodes. The strongly under-stoichiometric samples, [N]/[Ti] = 0.1 and 10 at.% Ag; [N]/[Ti] = 0.2 and 8 at.% Ag, were found to be composed of a N-doped hcp-Ti structure, with possible formation of TiAg or Ti2Ag intermetallics. These samples exhibit high electrical resistivity values and low hardness and reduced modulus. In the set of samples indexed to a transition zone, [N]/[Ti] = 0.3 and 15 at.% Ag; [N]/[Ti] = 0.7 and 32 at.% Ag, a hcp-Ti to fcc-TiN phase transformation took place, giving rise to a disaggregated N-deficient TiN matrix. It correlates with the high resistivity values as well as the higher hardness and reduced modulus values that were obtained. The last identified zone comprised the stoichiometric Ag:TiNx sample—[N]/[Ti] = 1 and 20 at.% Ag. Extensive metallic Ag segregation was detected, contributing to a significant decrease of the resistivity and hardness values.
AccessRestricted access (UMinho)
Appears in Collections:CDF - GRF - Artigos/Papers (with refereeing)

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