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Title(Invited) Plasma deposition of antibacterial nano-coatings on polymeric materials
Author(s)Nikiforov, Anton
Leys, Christophe
Kuchakova, Iryna
Vanneste, Myriam
Heyse, Pieter
De Vriezeb, Mike
Zille, Andrea
Dinescu, Gheorghe
Mitu, Bogdana
Modic, Martina
Cvelbar, Uros
Issue date2017
Abstract(s)Non-woven textile materials with antimicrobial properties are of high demands for applications ranging from medical dressing to everyday cleaning products. We proposed a plasma assisted route to engineer polymer films and non-woven fabrics with antimicrobial nano-composite coatings. The project aims to optimize atmospheric pressure plasma deposition in order to engineer the coatings with high antibacterial activity and low cytotoxicity. Different methods of deposition are tested including radio-frequency plasma, direct current discharge in nitrogen as well barrier discharge in air with two methods of nano-particles incorporation: aerosol and impregnation. Nano-particles Ag, Cu and ZnO are tested as antimicrobial agents with average nano-particle size of about 50 nm. Nanoparticles are incorporated in between two layers of an organosilicon film with an impregnation process or alternatively through an aerosol injection step with averaged concentration of the nano-particles in the solution ranging in between 10 to 1000 mg/l. Incorporation is made in a “sandwich-like structure” where a top layer coating (barrier) of 5 - 50 nm thickness is used for precise control of metal ions release and a reservation layer of about 200 nm is used for NPs load. The effect of the barrier coating on the surface concentration of nano-particles is determined by XPS. It is shown that an increase of the thickness of the barrier layer from 5 to 25 nm leads to a decrease of Ag content from 0.24 to 0.08 at. %. Similar effect is found for nano-particles of Cu and ZnO. Antibacterial efficiency of the samples against P. aeruginosa ATCC 9027 and S. aureus M u50 bacteria shows that all treated samples exhibit higher antibacterial efficiency against S. aureus. The antibacterial efficiency of AgNPs and CuNPs is above 90% which is practically interesting for medical application while ZnONPs shows lower antibacterial efficiency. Cytotoxicity of the coatings and materials is investigated for different deposition conditions and analyzed in terms of possible medical applications.
TypeOral presentation
AccessOpen access
Appears in Collections:DET/2C2T - Comunicações em congressos internacionais com arbitragem científica

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