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TitleOn the constraints violation in forward dynamics of multibody systems
Author(s)Marques, Pedro Filipe Lima
Souto, A. Pedro
Flores, Paulo
KeywordsConstraints violation
Baumgarte stabilization method
Penalty method
Augmented Lagrangian formulation
Index-1 Lagrangian formulation
Coordinate partitioning method
Mechanical energy
Computational efficiency
Forward dynamics
Multibody systems
Issue dateApr-2017
PublisherSpringer Verlag
JournalMultibody System Dynamics
Abstract(s)It is known that the dynamic equations of motion for constrained mechanical multibody systems are frequently formulated using the Newton-Euler’s approach, which is augmented with the acceleration constraint equations. This formulation results in the establishment of a mixed set of partial differential and algebraic equations, which are solved in order to predict the dynamic behavior of general multibody systems. The classical resolution of the equations of motion is highly prone to constraints violation because the position and velocity constraint equations are not fulfilled. In this work, a general and comprehensive methodology to eliminate the constraints violation at the position and velocity levels is offered. The basic idea of the described approach is to add corrective terms to the position and velocity vectors with the intent to satisfy the corresponding kinematic constraint equations. These corrective terms are evaluated as function of the Moore-Penrose generalized inverse of the Jacobian matrix and of the kinematic constraint equations. The described methodology is embedded in the standard method to solve the equations of motion based on the technique of Lagrange multipliers. Finally, the effectiveness of the described methodology is demonstrated through the dynamic modeling and simulation of different planar and spatial multibody systems. The outcomes in terms of constraints violation at the position and velocity levels, conservation of the total energy and computational efficiency are analyzed and compared with those obtained with the standard Lagrange multipliers method, the Baumgarte stabilization method, the augmented Lagrangian formulation, the index-1 augmented Lagrangian and the coordinate partitioning method.
AccessOpen access
Appears in Collections:DEM - Artigos em revistas de circulação internacional com arbitragem científica

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