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|Title:||Can the careHPV test performed in mobile units replace cytology for screening in rural and remote areas?|
|Author(s):||Lorenzi, Adriana T.|
Fregnani, José Humberto T.
Possati-Resende, Júlio César
Villa, Luisa L.
Longatto Filho, Adhemar
Human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA tests
|Abstract(s):||BACKGROUND Human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA testing can be crucial for women who have limited access to traditional screening. The current study compared the results obtained through HPV DNA testing with those obtained through cytology-based screening. METHODS A total of 3068 women aged 18 to 85 years were enrolled in an opportunistic cervical cancer screening program developed by the Barretos Cancer Hospital and performed by a team of health professionals working within a mobile unit from March to December 2012, followed by statistical analyses. For each patient, 2 different cervical samples were collected and preserved in a careHPV assay and SurePath medium, respectively. RESULTS High-risk HPV (hr-HPV) DNA was detected in 10.0% of women, with the majority (86.7%) demonstrating no abnormal Papanicolaou test results. The following cytological samples were found to be hr-HPV positive: 8.2% of the normal samples; 39.4% of the samples with atypical squamous/glandular cells of undetermined significance; 38.5% of the samples with atypical squamous/glandular cells of undetermined significance, cannot exclude high-grade lesion; 55.3% of the samples with low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions; and 100% of the samples with high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions. Colposcopy examinations were performed among 33.4% of the women with positive results on at least 1 of the tests (HPV DNA positive and/or cytology with atypical squamous/glandular cells of undetermined significance, cannot exclude high-grade lesion or high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions), and 59.5% of these women underwent biopsies. Among these samples, 18.2% were confirmed as cervical intraepithelial neoplasia. CONCLUSIONS The careHPV test was demonstrated to be a feasible alternative to primary screening in low-resource settings accessed through the use of mobile units.|
|Appears in Collections:||ICVS - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais com Referee|