Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
|Title:||Development of a phage cocktail to prevent Proteus mirabilis biofilm formation in urinary catheters|
|Author(s):||Melo, Luís Daniel Rodrigues|
Kropinski, Andrew M.
Almeida, Carina Manuela Fernandes
|Citation:||Melo, L.; Veiga, P.; Cerca N; Kropinski, Andrew M.; Almeida, Carina; Azeredo, Joana; Sillankorva, Sanna, Development of a phage cocktail to prevent Proteus mirabilis biofilm formation in urinary catheters. Biofilms 7 - Microbial Works of Art. No. P3: 18, Porto, Portugal, June 26-28, 2016. ISBN: 978-989-97478-7-6|
|Abstract(s):||Proteus mirabilis is an enterobacterium that causes catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs) due to its ability to form crystalline biofilms on the surfaces. These CAUTIs are very difficult to treat, since the biofilm structures are extremely tolerant to high concentrations of antibiotics. Bacteririophages (phages) have been used widely to control and prevent a diversity of bacterial species, however a limited number of phages for P. mirabilis have been isolated and studied. Here we report the isolation of two novel virulent phages, the myovirus vB_PmiM_5460 and the podovirus vB_PmiP_5461 able to target respectively 57% and 100% of all Proteus strains tested in this study. Both phages have been characterized thoroughly and sequencing data revealed no traces of genes associated with lysogeny. To further evaluate the phages ability to prevent catheter colonization by Proteus, phages adherence to silicon surfaces was assessed. Both phages were able to adhere, but the extent of adhesion was found to be phage dependent. Further tests in phagecoated catheters using a dynamic biofilm model simulating CAUTIs, have shown a 90% significant reduction of P. mirabilis biofilm formation up to 168 h of catheterization. These results highlight the potential usefulness of the two isolated phages for the prevention of surface colonization by this bacterium.|
|Appears in Collections:|