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TitleReliability-based assessment of existing masonry arch railway bridges
Author(s)Moreira, Vicente Novo
Fernandes, João
Matos, José C.
Oliveira, Daniel V.
KeywordsMasonry arch bridges
Safety assessment
Statistical uncertainty
Probabilistic assessment
Limit analysis
Issue date2016
JournalConstruction and Building Materials
Abstract(s)A great number of masonry arch bridges dates back to past centuries, being preserved by society due to their historical and still economic importance. Thereby, adequate preservation measures are required. Regarding masonry arch bridge’s structural condition, it is relevant to consider its age, and consequently deterioration, and the fact that these bridges are submitted to loads higher than those for which they were conceived, being imperative to assess their structural performance. Regarding safety assessment requirements, there are different reliability levels, whose objectives are to analyse the ultimate load-carrying capacity and the serviceability performance. This paper presents and discusses a framework that allows to determine the ultimate load-carrying capacity (Ultimate Limit State) of masonry arch bridges, using limit analysis and probabilistic approaches. Geometric and material data and load characterization, as well as inherent uncertainties will be also introduced. In order to determine the ultimate load-carrying capacity, the plastic theory will be employed, namely the limit analysis theorem, which is based on kinematic mechanisms. Since one of the main drawbacks of a probabilistic analysis is the required high computational resources, a sensitivity analysis is incorporated in order to reduce the analysis time. The presented framework is validated with an application to a set of existing Portuguese railway masonry arch bridges.
AccessRestricted access (UMinho)
Appears in Collections:ISISE - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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