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Author(s)Pala, Maria
Soares, Pedro
Chaubey, Gyaneshwer
Richards, Martin B.
Editor(s)Barker, Graeme
Goucher, Candice
Issue date2015
PublisherCambridge University Press
Abstract(s)Archaeogenetics was described by Renfrew as ‘the study of the human past using the techniques of molecular genetics’ – involving the collaboration of geneticists with archaeologists, anthropologists, historical linguists, and climatologists. He traced its origins to the pioneering work of Cavalli-Sforza in the 1960s, using classical genetic markers (such as blood groups, etc.). Ammerman and Cavalli-Sforza developed a suite of new approaches, in particular the use of principal component maps, to evaluate the distribution of genetic variation in space. Their results on Europe, in particular, were taken to imply large-scale demic diffusion of farming communities from the Near East with the advent of the Neolithic. The discipline was then renewed in the 1980s by Wilson's work on mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), as DNA sequencing started to become routine, making it possible for the first time to build genealogical trees of lineages within a species.
TypeBook part
AccessRestricted access (Author)
Appears in Collections:DBio - Livros e Capítulos de Livros/Books and Books Chapters

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