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TitleBoth associative activation and thematic extraction count, but thematic false memories are more easily rejected
Author(s)Carneiro, Paula
Garcia-Marques, Leonel
Fernandez, Angel
Albuquerque, Pedro
KeywordsFalse memories
DRM paradigm
Theme identifiability
Associative activation
Thematic extraction
Issue date2014
CitationCarneiro, Paula; Garcia-Marques, Leonel; Fernandez, Angel; Albuquerque, Pedro. Both associative activation and thematic extraction count, but thematic false memories are more easily rejected, Memory, 22, 8, 1024-1040, 2014.
Abstract(s)The main aim of this study was to analyse the roles played by associative activation and thematic extraction in the explanation of false memories using the Deese, Roediger, McDermott (DRM) paradigm. Associative lists with two different types of critical items (CIs) were used: one, the associative CI, corresponded to the word most strongly primed by the associates in the list and another, the thematic CI, was the word that best described the theme of the list. Following three different types of encoding instructions (standard, warning or strategic), false recognition for these two types of CIs was analysed in either self-paced or speeded response recognition tests. The results showed considerable levels of false memories for both types of CIs. Even without the quality of being “good themes”, associative CIs produced high levels of false recognition, which suggests that associative activation plays a prominent role in false memory formation. More interestingly, thematic CIs were more prone to be edited out, reinforcing the argument that thematic identifiability has a major role in the rejection of false memories.
Other identifiers0965-8211
AccessOpen access
Appears in Collections:CIPsi - Artigos (Papers)

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