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|Title:||Experimental evidence that quorum rules discourage turnout and promote election boycotts|
Magalhães, Pedro C.
Vanberg, Christoph A.
|Abstract(s):||Many democratic decision making institutions involve quorum rules. Such rules are commonly motivated by concerns about the “legitimacy” or “representativeness” of decisions reached when only a subset of eligible voters participates. A prominent example of this can be found in the context of direct democracy mechanisms, such as referenda and initiatives. We conduct a laboratory experiment to investigate the consequences of the two most common types of quorum rules: a participation quorum and an approval quorum. We find that both types of quora lead to lower participation rates, dramatically increasing the likelihood of full-fledged electoral boycotts on the part of those who endorse the Status Quo. This discouraging effect is significantly larger under a participation quorum than under an approval quorum.|
|Access:||Restricted access (UMinho)|
|Appears in Collections:||NIPE - Artigos em Revistas de Circulação Internacional com Arbitragem Científica|
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|Experimental evidence that quorum rules discourage turnout adn promote election boycotts.pdf|
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