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TítuloClinical Epidemiology of Buruli ulcer from Benin (2005-2013): effect of time-delay to diagnosis on clinical forms and severe phenotypes
Autor(es)Capela, Carlos
Sopoh, Ghislain E.
Houezo, Jean G.
Fiodessihoué, René
Dossou, Ange D.
Costa, Patrício Soares
Fraga, Alexandra G.
Menino, João F.
Gomes, Rita Silva
Ouendo, Edgard M.
Rodrigues, Fernando
Pedrosa, Jorge
Data2015
EditoraPublic Library of Science (PLOS)
RevistaPLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
CitaçãoCapela, C., Sopoh, G. E., Houezo, J. G., Fiodessihoué, R., Dossou, A. D., Costa, P., . . . Pedrosa, J. (2015). Clinical Epidemiology of Buruli Ulcer from Benin (2005-2013): Effect of Time-Delay to Diagnosis on Clinical Forms and Severe Phenotypes. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 9(9). doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0004005
Resumo(s)Buruli Ulcer (BU) is a neglected infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium ulcerans that is responsible for severe necrotizing cutaneous lesions that may be associated with bone involvement. Clinical presentations of BU lesions are classically classified as papules, nodules, plaques and edematous infiltration, ulcer or osteomyelitis. Within these different clinical forms, lesions can be further classified as severe forms based on focality (multiple lesions), lesions' size (>15 cm diameter) or WHO Category (WHO Category 3 lesions). There are studies reporting an association between delay in seeking medical care and the development of ulcerative forms of BU or osteomyelitis, but the effect of time-delay on the emergence of lesions classified as severe has not been addressed. To address both issues, and in a cohort of laboratory-confirmed BU cases, 476 patients from a medical center in Allada, Benin, were studied. In this laboratory-confirmed cohort, we validated previous observations, demonstrating that time-delay is statistically related to the clinical form of BU. Indeed, for non-ulcerated forms (nodule, edema, and plaque) the median time-delay was 32.5 days (IQR 30.0-67.5), while for ulcerated forms it was 60 days (IQR 20.0-120.0) (p = 0.009), and for bone lesions, 365 days (IQR 228.0-548.0). On the other hand, we show here that time-delay is not associated with the more severe phenotypes of BU, such as multi-focal lesions (median 90 days; IQR 56-217.5; p = 0.09), larger lesions (diameter >15 cm) (median 60 days; IQR 30-120; p = 0.92) or category 3 WHO classification (median 60 days; IQR 30-150; p = 0.20), when compared with unifocal (median 60 days; IQR 30-90), small lesions (diameter =15 cm) (median 60 days; IQR 30-90), or WHO category 1+2 lesions (median 60 days; IQR 30-90), respectively. Our results demonstrate that after an initial period of progression towards ulceration or bone involvement, BU lesions become stable regarding size and focal/multi-focal progression. Therefore, in future studies on BU epidemiology, severe clinical forms should be systematically considered as distinct phenotypes of the same disease and thus subjected to specific risk factor investigation.
Tipoarticle
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/1822/40076
DOI10.1371/journal.pntd.0004005
ISSN1935-2735
Versão da editorahttp://journals.plos.org/plosntds/article?id=10.1371/journal.pntd.0004005
Arbitragem científicayes
AcessoopenAccess
Aparece nas coleções:ICVS - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais com Referee

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