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TitleThe impact of urban noise on primary schools: perceptive evaluation and objective assessment
Author(s)Silva, Lígia Torres
Oliveira, Ivone Raquel Soares de
Silva, José F.
KeywordsBackground noise
Environmental noise
Objective assessment
Perceptive evaluation
Primary schools
Road traffic
Issue dateMay-2016
JournalApplied Acoustics
CitationSilva, L. T., Oliveira, I. S., & Silva, J. F. (2016). The impact of urban noise on primary schools. Perceptive evaluation and objective assessment. Applied Acoustics, 106, 2-9. doi: 10.1016/j.apacoust.2015.12.013
Abstract(s)This paper aims to assess the impact of environmental noise in the vicinity of primary schools and to analyze its influence in the workplace and in student performance through perceptions and objective evaluation. The subjective evaluation consisted of the application of questionnaires to students and teachers, and the objective assessment consisted of measuring in situ noise levels. The survey covered nine classes located in three primary schools. Statistical Package for Social Sciences was used for data processing and to draw conclusions. Additionally, the relationship of the difference between environmental and background noise levels of each classroom and students with difficulties in hearing the teacher’s voice was examined. Noise levels in front of the school, the schoolyard, and the most noise-exposed classrooms (occupied and unoccupied) were measured. Indoor noise levels were much higher than World Health Organization (WHO) recommended values: LAeq,30min averaged 70.5 dB(A) in occupied classrooms, and 38.6 dB(A) in unoccupied ones. Measurements of indoor and outdoor noise suggest that noise from the outside (road, schoolyard) affects the background noise level in classrooms but in varying degrees. It was concluded that the façades most exposed to road traffic noise are subjected to values higher than 55.0 dB(A), and noise levels inside the classrooms are mainly due to the schoolyard, students, and the road traffic. The difference between background (LA95,30min) and the equivalent noise levels (LAeq,30min) in occupied classrooms was 19.2 dB(A), which shows that students’ activities are a significant source of classroom noise.
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Appears in Collections:C-TAC - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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