Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/1822/40042

TítuloThe impact of urban noise on primary schools: perceptive evaluation and objective assessment
Autor(es)Silva, Lígia Torres
Oliveira, Ivone Raquel Soares de
Silva, José F.
Palavras-chaveBackground noise
Environmental noise
Objective assessment
Perceptive evaluation
Primary schools
Road traffic
DataMai-2016
EditoraElsevier
RevistaApplied Acoustics
CitaçãoSilva, L. T., Oliveira, I. S., & Silva, J. F. (2016). The impact of urban noise on primary schools. Perceptive evaluation and objective assessment. Applied Acoustics, 106, 2-9. doi: 10.1016/j.apacoust.2015.12.013
Resumo(s)This paper aims to assess the impact of environmental noise in the vicinity of primary schools and to analyze its influence in the workplace and in student performance through perceptions and objective evaluation. The subjective evaluation consisted of the application of questionnaires to students and teachers, and the objective assessment consisted of measuring in situ noise levels. The survey covered nine classes located in three primary schools. Statistical Package for Social Sciences was used for data processing and to draw conclusions. Additionally, the relationship of the difference between environmental and background noise levels of each classroom and students with difficulties in hearing the teacher’s voice was examined. Noise levels in front of the school, the schoolyard, and the most noise-exposed classrooms (occupied and unoccupied) were measured. Indoor noise levels were much higher than World Health Organization (WHO) recommended values: LAeq,30min averaged 70.5 dB(A) in occupied classrooms, and 38.6 dB(A) in unoccupied ones. Measurements of indoor and outdoor noise suggest that noise from the outside (road, schoolyard) affects the background noise level in classrooms but in varying degrees. It was concluded that the façades most exposed to road traffic noise are subjected to values higher than 55.0 dB(A), and noise levels inside the classrooms are mainly due to the schoolyard, students, and the road traffic. The difference between background (LA95,30min) and the equivalent noise levels (LAeq,30min) in occupied classrooms was 19.2 dB(A), which shows that students’ activities are a significant source of classroom noise.
Tipoarticle
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/1822/40042
DOI10.1016/j.apacoust.2015.12.013
ISSN0003-682X
Versão da editorahttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0003682X15003679
Arbitragem científicayes
AcessorestrictedAccess
Aparece nas coleções:C-TAC - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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