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TitleGold nanoparticles functionalised with fast water exchanging Gd3+ chelates: Linker effects on the relaxivity
Author(s)Martins, J. A. R.
Ferreira, Paula M. T.
Geraldes, Carlos F. G. C.
Helm, Lothar
Prata, Maria I. M.
Rodrigues, Sérgio P. J.
Rodrigues, Tiago B.
Calle, Daniel
López-Larrubia, Pilar
Cerdan, Sebastian
Mousavi, Bibimaryam
Gonçalves, Janaina
Ferreira, Miguel F.
In vivo MRI
Gold nanoparticles
Gd3+ chelates
Contrast Agents
ω-thiol functionalized DO3A-N-(alfa-amido)propionate chelators
Fast water exchange
Issue date22-Jan-2015
PublisherRoyal Society of Chemistry
JournalJournal- Chemical Society Dalton Transactions
CitationFerreira, M. F., Gonçalves, J., Mousavi, B., Prata, M. I. M., Rodrigues, S. P. J., Calle, D., . . . Geraldes, C. F. G. C. (2015). Gold nanoparticles functionalised with fast water exchanging Gd3+ chelates: Linker effects on the relaxivity. Dalton Transactions, 44(9), 4016-4031. doi: 10.1039/c4dt03210a
Abstract(s)The relaxivity displayed by Gd3+ chelates immobilized onto gold nanoparticles is the result of complex interplay between nanoparticle size, water exchange rate and chelate structure. In this work we study the effect of the length of -thioalkyl linkers, anchoring fast water exchanging Gd3+ chelates onto gold nanoparticles, on the relaxivity of the immobilized chelates. Gold nanoparticles functionalized with Gd3+ chelates of mercaptoundecanoyl and lipoyl amide conjugates of the DO3A-N-(-amino)propionate chelator were prepared and studied as potential CA for MRI. High relaxivities per chelate, of the order of magnitude 28-38 mM-1s-1 (30 MHz, 25 ºC) were attained thanks to simultaneous optimization of the rotational correlation time and of the water exchange rate. Fast local rotational motions of the immobilized chelates around connecting linkers (internal flexibility) still limit the attainable relaxivity. The degree of internal flexibility of the immobilized chelates seems not to be correlated with the length of the connecting linkers. Biodistribution and MRI studies in mice suggest that the in vivo behavior of the gold nanoparticles is determined mainly by size. Small nanoparticles (HD= 3.9 nm) undergo fast renal clearance and avoidance of the RES organs while larger nanoparticles (HD= 4.8 nm) undergo predominantly hepatobiliary excretion. High relaxivities, allied to chelate and nanoparticle stability and fast renal clearance in vivo suggests that functionalized gold nanoparticles hold great potential for further investigation as MRI Contrast Agents. This study contributes to understand the effect of linker length on the relaxivity of gold nanoparticles functionalized with Gd3+ complexes. It is a relevant contribution towards “design rules” for nanostructures functionalized with Gd3+ chelates as Contrast Agents for MRI and multimodal imaging.
AccessOpen access
Appears in Collections:CDQuim - Artigos (Papers)

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