Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1822/39816

TitleOptical properties of zirconium oxynitride films: the effect of composition, electronic and crystalline structures
Author(s)Carvalho, P.
Borges, Joel Nuno Pinto
Rodrigues, M. S.
Barradas, N. P.
Alves, E.
Espinós, J. P.
González-Elipe, A. R.
Cunha, L.
Marques, L.
Vasilevskiy, Mikhail
Vaz, F.
KeywordsMagnetron sputtering
Thin Films
Zirconium oxynitride
Electronic structure
Optical properties
Issue date2015
PublisherElsevier
JournalApplied Surface Science
CitationCarvalho, P., Borges, J., Rodrigues, M. S., Barradas, N. P., Alves, E., Espinós, J. P., . . . Vaz, F. (2015). Optical properties of zirconium oxynitride films: The effect of composition, electronic and crystalline structures. Applied Surface Science, 358, 660-669. doi: 10.1016/j.apsusc.2015.09.129
Abstract(s)tThis work is devoted to the investigation of zirconium oxynitride (ZrOxNy) films with varied opticalresponses prompted by the variations in their compositional and structural properties. The films wereprepared by dc reactive magnetron sputtering of Zr, using Ar and a reactive gas mixture of N2+ O2(17:3).The colour of the films changed from metallic-like, very bright yellow-pale and golden yellow, for low gasflows to red-brownish for intermediate gas flows. Associated to this colour change there was a significantdecrease of brightness. With further increase of the reactive gas flow, the colour of the samples changedfrom red-brownish to dark blue or even to interference colourations. The variations in composition dis-closed the existence of four different zones, which were found to be closely related with the variationsin the crystalline structure. XRD analysis revealed the change from a B1 NaCl face-centred cubic zirco-nium nitride-type phase for films prepared with low reactive gas flows, towards a poorly crystallizedover-stoichiometric nitride phase, which may be similar to that of Zr3N4with some probable oxygeninclusions within nitrogen positions, for films prepared with intermediate reactive gas flows. For highreactive gas flows, the films developed an oxynitride-type phase, similar to that of -Zr2ON2with someoxygen atoms occupying some of the nitrogen positions, evolving to a ZrO2monoclinic type structurewithin the zone where films were prepared with relatively high reactive gas flows. The analysis carriedout by reflected electron energy loss spectroscopy (REELS) revealed a continuous depopulation of thed-band and an opening of an energy gap between the valence band (2p) and the Fermi level close to 5 eV.The ZrN-based coatings (zone I and II) presented intrinsic colourations, with a decrease in brightness anda colour change from bright yellow to golden yellow, red brownish and dark blue. Associated to thesechanges, there was also a shift of the reflectivity minimum to lower energies, with the increase of thenon-metallic content. The samples lying in the two last zones (zone III, oxynitride and zone IV, oxide films)revealed a typical semi-transparent-optical behaviour showing interference-like colourations only dueto the complete depopulation of the d band at the Fermi level. The samples lying in these zones presentedalso an increase of the optical bandgap from 2 to 3.6 eV.
TypeArticle
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/1822/39816
DOI10.1016/j.apsusc.2015.09.129
ISSN0169-4332
Publisher versionhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0169433215022230
Peer-Reviewedyes
AccessRestricted access (UMinho)
Appears in Collections:CDF - GRF - Artigos/Papers (with refereeing)

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