Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1822/39771

TitleCommon symptoms of Nepalese soft contact lens wearers: A pilot study
Author(s)Sapkota, Kishor
Martin, Raul
Franco, Sandra
Lira, Madalena
KeywordsSoft contact lens
Discomfort
Dry eye
Nepal
Contact lens discontinuation
Issue date2015
PublisherElsevier
JournalJournal of Optometry
CitationSapkota, K., Martin, R., Franco, S., & Lira, M. (2015). Common symptoms of Nepalese soft contact lens wearers: A pilot study. Journal of Optometry, 8(3), 200-205. doi: 10.1016/j.optom.2015.01.004
Abstract(s)Aim: To determine the common symptoms in current soft contact lens (CL) wearers and theirassociation with other factors among Nepalese population.Methods: All the current CL wearers who started to wear soft CL in Nepal Eye Hospital between July 2007 and June 2012 were invited for the participation. Frequency of the ten most common symptoms, divided into never, occasionally, frequently and consistent were recorded. Association between degree of symptoms with other factors, e.g. age, gender, profession, cigarette smoking, ethnicity, level of education and duration and wearing modality of CL wear were analyzed.Results: Out of 129 subjects participated in this study, 67% were female; the mean age of the subjects was 23.9 ± 4.3 years. Ninety seven percent of them had at least one symptom occasionally or frequently or consistently. Discomfort was found in 88.4% of the total subjects.Other common symptoms were foreign body sensation in 73.6%, redness in 65.9%, reduced wearing time in 63.6% and dryness in 62.8%. Symptoms were found occasionally in the majority of subjects. Degree of symptoms was not associated with age, gender, profession, education status, ethnicity of subjects and duration or modality of lens wear (p > 0.05) but was positively associated with passive cigarette smoking (p < 0.001).Conclusion: Almost all of the Nepalese soft CL wearers had some types of symptoms at least occasionally. Discomfort was the most common symptom. Degree of symptoms was associated with the passive smoking but not with other factors like age, sex, profession and duration of lens wear.
TypeArticle
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/1822/39771
DOI10.1016/j.optom.2015.01.004
ISSN1888-4296
Peer-Reviewedyes
AccessRestricted access (UMinho)
Appears in Collections:CDF - OCV - Artigos/Papers (with refereeing)

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