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TitleIn vitro anti-Candida activity of Glycyrrhiza glabra L.
Author(s)Martins, Natália
Ferreira, Isabel C. F. R.
Henriques, Mariana
Silva, Sónia Carina
KeywordsGlycyrrhiza glabra L.
Anti-Candida potential
Phenolic extracts/compounds
Issue dateMay-2016
PublisherElsevier B.V.
JournalIndustrial Crops and Products
CitationMartins, N.; Ferreira, Isabel C. F. R.; Henriques, Mariana; Silva, Sónia Carina, In vitro anti-Candida activity of Glycyrrhiza glabra L.. Industrial Crops and Products, 83, 81-85, 2016
Abstract(s)The severity and frequency of opportunistic fungal infections still growing, concomitantly to the increasing rates of antimicrobial drugs resistance. Natural matrices have been used over years due to its multitude of health benefits, including antifungal potential. Thus, the present work aims to evaluate the anti-Candida potential of the phenolic extract and individual phenolic compounds of Glycyrrhiza glabra L. (licorice), by disc diffusion assay, followed by determination of the minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimal fungicidal concentration (MFC) for both planktonic cells and biofilms. Licorice extract evidenced inhibitory potential against the nineteen tested Candida strains, but no pronounced effect was observed by testing the most abundant individual phenolic compounds. Candida tropicalis strains were the most sensible, followed by Candida glabrata, Candida parapsilosis and, then, Candida albicans. Lower MIC and MFC values were achieved to C. glabrata and C. tropicalis, which confirms its susceptibility to licorice extract; however, for C. tropicalis strains a higher variability was observed. Anti-biofilm potential was also achieved, being most evident in some C. glabrata and C. tropicalis strains. In general, a twice concentration of the MIC was necessary for planktonic cells to obtain a similar potential to that one observed for biofilms. Thus, an upcoming approach for new antifungal agents, more effective and safer than the current ones, is stablished; notwithstanding, further studies are necessary in order to understand its mechanism of action, as also to assess kinetic parameters.
Publisher version
AccessOpen access
Appears in Collections:CEB - Publicações em Revistas/Séries Internacionais / Publications in International Journals/Series

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