Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1822/39248

TitleMS prevalence and patients’ characteristics in the district of Braga, Portugal
Author(s)Figueiredo, José
Silva, Ângela
Cerqueira, João José
Fonseca, Joaquim
Pereira, Paulo A.
KeywordsMultiple Sclerosis
Epidemiology
Demographic
Clinical
Issue date9-Jan-2015
PublisherHindawi Publishing Corporation
JournalNeurology Research International
Abstract(s)Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a chronic autoimmune disease of the Central Nervous System causing inflammation and neurodegeneration. There are only 3 epidemiological studies in Portugal, 2 in the Centre and 1 in the North, and there is the need to further study MS epidemiology in this country. The objective of this work is to contribute to the MS epidemiological knowledge in Portugal, describing the patients’ epidemiological, demographic, and clinical characteristics in the Braga district of Portugal. This is a cross-sectional study of 345 patients followed in two hospitals of Braga district. These hospitals cover a resident population of 866,012 inhabitants. The data was collected from the clinical records, and 31/12/2009 was established as the prevalence day. For all MS patients, demographic characteristics and clinical outcomes are reported. We have found an incidence of 2.74/100,000 and a prevalence of 39.82/100,000 inhabitants. Most patients have an EDSS of 3 or lower and a mean age of 42 years. The diagnosis was done at mean age of 35, with RRMS being the disease type in more than 80% of patients. In this cohort, we found a female : male ratio of 1.79. More than 50% of patients are treated with Interferon β-1b IM or IFNβ-1a SC 22 μg.
TypeArticle
DescriptionArticle ID 895163
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/1822/39248
DOI10.1155/2015/895163
ISSN2090-1852
2090-1860
Publisher versionhttp://www.hindawi.com/journals/nri/2015/895163/ref/
Peer-Reviewedyes
AccessOpen access
Appears in Collections:CMAT - Artigos em revistas com arbitragem / Papers in peer review journals

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