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TitleJute/polypropylene composites: Effect of enzymatic modification on thermo-mechanical and dynamic mechanical properties
Author(s)Ni, Xiaoyan
Dong, Aixue
Fan, Xuerong
Wang, Qiang
Yu, Yuanyuan
Cavaco-Paulo, Artur
KeywordsJute/PP composites
Alkyl gallates
Hydrophobic modification
Thermal and dynamic mechanical properties
Thermal and dynathic mechanical properties
Issue dateOct-2015
JournalFibers and Polymers
CitationNi, Xiaoyan; Dong, Aixue; Fan, Xuerong; Wang, Qiang; Yu, Yuanyuan; Paulo, Artur Cavaco, Jute/polypropylene composites: Effect of enzymatic modification on thermo-mechanical and dynamic mechanical properties. Fibers and Polymers, 16(10), 2276-2283, 2015
Abstract(s)In this study, a high-performance composite was prepared from jute fabrics and polypropylene (PP). In order to improve the compatibility of the polar fibers and the non-polar matrix, alkyl gallates with different hydrophobic groups were enzymatically grafted onto jute fabric by laccase to increase the surface hydrophobicity of the fiber. The grafting products were characterized by FTIR. The results of contact angle and wetting time showed that the hydrophobicity of the jute fabrics was improved after the surface modification. The effect of the enzymatic graft modification on the properties of the jute/PP composites was evaluated. Results showed that after the modification, tensile and dynamic mechanical properties of composites improved, and water absorption and thickness swelling clearly decreased. However, tensile properties drastically decreased after a long period of water immersion. The thermal behavior of the composites was evaluated by TGA/DTG. The fiber-matrix morphology in the modified jute/PP composites was confirmed by SEM analysis of the tensile fractured specimens.
Publisher version
AccessOpen access
Appears in Collections:CEB - Publicações em Revistas/Séries Internacionais / Publications in International Journals/Series

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