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|Title:||Silica nanoparticles as dexamethasone delivery systems able to induce the osteogenic differentiation of human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells|
Neves, N. M.
Pires, R. A.
Reis, R. L.
Human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells
|Publisher:||John Wiley and Sons|
|Citation:||Amorim S., Martins A., Neves N. M., Pires R. A., Reis R. L. Silica nanoparticles as dexamethasone delivery systems able to induce the osteogenic differentiation of human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells, Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine, Vol. 7, Issue S1, pp. 6-6, doi:10.1002/term.1822, 2013|
|Abstract(s):||Bioactive glasses, especially silica-based materials, are reported to pres- ent osteoconductive and osteoinductive properties, fundamental char- acteristics in bone regeneration [1,2]. Additionally, dexamethasone (Dex) is one of the bioactive agents able to induce the osteogenic differ- entiation of mesenchymal stem cells by increasing the alkaline phos- phatase activity, and the expression levels of Osteocalcin and Bone Sialoprotein . Herein, we synthesised silica (SiO2) nanoparticles (that present inherent bioactivity and ability to act as a sustained drug delivery system), and coated their surface using poly-L-lysine (PLL) and hyaluronic acid (HA) using the layer-by-layer processing technique. Further on, we studied the influence of these new SiO2-polyelectrolyte coated nanoparticles as Dex sustained delivery systems. The SiO2 nanoparticles were loaded with Dex (SiO2-Dex) and coated with PLL and HA (SiO2-Dex-PLL-HA). Their Dex release profile was evaluated and a more sustained release was obtained with the SiO2-Dex-PLL-HA. All the particles were cultured with human bone marrow-derived mes- enchymal stem cells (hBMSCs) under osteogenic differentiation culture conditions. hBMSCs adhered, proliferated and differentiated towards the osteogenic lineage in the presence of SiO2 (DLS 174nm), SiO2-Dex (DLS 175nm) and SiO2-Dex-PLL-HA (DLS 679nm). The presence of these materials induced the overexpression of osteogenic transcripts, namely of Osteocalcin, Bone Sialoprotein and Runx2. Scanning Elec- tron Microscopy/Electron Dispersive Spectroscopy analysis demon- strated that hBMSCs synthesised calcium phosphates when cultured with SiO2-Dex and SiO2-Dex-PLL-HA nanoparticles. These results indi- cate the potential use of these SiO2-polyelectrolytes coated nanoparti- cles as dexamethasone delivery systems capable of promoting osteogenic differentiation of hBMSCs.|
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