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TitleSilica nanoparticles as dexamethasone delivery systems able to induce the osteogenic differentiation of human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells
Author(s)Amorim, Sara
Martins, A.
Neves, N. M.
Pires, R. A.
Reis, R. L.
KeywordsDelivery systems
Human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells
Osteogenic differentiation
Silica nanoparticles
Issue dateDec-2013
PublisherJohn Wiley and Sons
CitationAmorim S., Martins A., Neves N. M., Pires R. A., Reis R. L. Silica nanoparticles as dexamethasone delivery systems able to induce the osteogenic differentiation of human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells, Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine, Vol. 7, Issue S1, pp. 6-6, doi:10.1002/term.1822, 2013
Abstract(s)Bioactive glasses, especially silica-based materials, are reported to pres- ent osteoconductive and osteoinductive properties, fundamental char- acteristics in bone regeneration [1,2]. Additionally, dexamethasone (Dex) is one of the bioactive agents able to induce the osteogenic differ- entiation of mesenchymal stem cells by increasing the alkaline phos- phatase activity, and the expression levels of Osteocalcin and Bone Sialoprotein [3]. Herein, we synthesised silica (SiO2) nanoparticles (that present inherent bioactivity and ability to act as a sustained drug delivery system), and coated their surface using poly-L-lysine (PLL) and hyaluronic acid (HA) using the layer-by-layer processing technique. Further on, we studied the influence of these new SiO2-polyelectrolyte coated nanoparticles as Dex sustained delivery systems. The SiO2 nanoparticles were loaded with Dex (SiO2-Dex) and coated with PLL and HA (SiO2-Dex-PLL-HA). Their Dex release profile was evaluated and a more sustained release was obtained with the SiO2-Dex-PLL-HA. All the particles were cultured with human bone marrow-derived mes- enchymal stem cells (hBMSCs) under osteogenic differentiation culture conditions. hBMSCs adhered, proliferated and differentiated towards the osteogenic lineage in the presence of SiO2 (DLS 174nm), SiO2-Dex (DLS 175nm) and SiO2-Dex-PLL-HA (DLS 679nm). The presence of these materials induced the overexpression of osteogenic transcripts, namely of Osteocalcin, Bone Sialoprotein and Runx2. Scanning Elec- tron Microscopy/Electron Dispersive Spectroscopy analysis demon- strated that hBMSCs synthesised calcium phosphates when cultured with SiO2-Dex and SiO2-Dex-PLL-HA nanoparticles. These results indi- cate the potential use of these SiO2-polyelectrolytes coated nanoparti- cles as dexamethasone delivery systems capable of promoting osteogenic differentiation of hBMSCs.
Publisher version
AccessOpen access
Appears in Collections:3B’s - Resumos em livros de atas de conferências - indexados no ISI Web of Science

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