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TitleAssessing the production of jet mix columns using alkali activated waste based on mechanical and financial performance and CO2 (eq) emissions
Author(s)Cristelo, Nuno
Miranda, Tiago F. S.
Oliveira, Daniel V.
Rosa, Ivo
Soares, Edgar
Coelho, Paulo
Fernandes, Lisete
KeywordsCO2 production
Soil stabilisation
Alkaline activation
Financial analysis
CO<inf>2</inf> production
CO production 2
Issue date2015
JournalJournal of Cleaner Production
CitationCristelo, N., Miranda, T., Oliveira, D. V., Rosa, I., Soares, E., Coelho, P., & Fernandes, L. (2015). Assessing the production of jet mix columns using alkali activated waste based on mechanical and financial performance and CO2 (eq) emissions. Journal of Cleaner Production, 102, 447-460. doi: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2015.04.102
Abstract(s)Recent research has proved the potential of alkaline activated fly-ash for soil stabilisation. However, such studies have not focused on the link between financial, mechanical and environmental aspects of this solution, but only on their absolute mechanical properties. The present paper characterises the mechanical behaviour of a large spectrum of activator-ash-soil combinations used to build jet mixing columns, analysing also the cost and CO2 (eq) emissions. The concern with these two vectors forced a decrease in the quantity of stabilising agent added to the soil, relatively to previous research, and the effects of such low quantities have not yet been published. However, the results clearly showed a significant improve in strength, still well above the average values expected when improving the stressstrain behaviour of a weak soil. Uniaxial compressive strength tests were used to assess the effects of the fly-ash percentage, the alkalieash ratio and the water content. The carbon calculator recently developed by the European Federation of Foundation Contractors and the Deep Foundations Institute was used to quantify the CO2 (eq) emissions associated with this technique. The financial cost was estimated based on the experience of a major Portuguese contractor. For comparison purposes, soil cement mixtures were also analysed, using similar conditions and tools used for the soil-ash analysis. Results showed that the cement and ash solutions are very similar in terms of overall performance, with some advantage of the former regarding financial cost, and a significant advantage of the latter regarding the CO2 (eq) emissions. This new grout, although it is in an embryonic stage, it has the potential for broader developments in the field.
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Appears in Collections:ISISE - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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