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TitleCorrosion of TiN, (TiAl)N and CrN hard coatings produced by magnetron sputtering
Author(s)Cunha, L.
Andritschky, M.
Rebouta, L.
Silva, R. A.
KeywordsHard coatings
Magnetron sputtering
Issue date1-Apr-1998
JournalThin Solid Films
Citation"Thin Solid Films". ISSN 0040-6090. 317 (1998) 351-355.
Abstract(s)Metallic components like moulds, dies and machinery can be subjected to intensive degradation during plastic transformation processes, namely when working with fibre filler materials and plastics which release F, S or Cl during transformation. The degradation is attributed to the combined erosive and abrasive wear by the filler material and corrosive attack of agents. This degradation reduces the lifetime of the components considerably and has a direct impact on process productivity and surface finish of the final products. Nitride-based hard coatings like TiN, (TiAl)N, BN, etc. have proved their capability to increase tool lifetime when exposed to abrasive and corrosive environments found in plastic transformation processes halogenated polymers, acrylics, polyesters, fibre reinforced plastics, etc.. Within the frame of this work we produced TiN, (TiAl)N, CrN hard coatings, with and without a metallic interlayer, by dc and rf reactive magnetron sputtering, with a thickness of about 2 μm. The aqueous corrosion behaviour of the coatings was studied in saline and acidic environments by potentiodynamic and open circuit potential (OCP) measurements. The oxidation resistance during annealing in air was also studied. In saline NaCl 9% and acid HCl 3.4%environments we found that a metallic interlayer of Ti or Cr in the case of TiN– TiAl N-coated samples and CrN-coated samples, respectively, generally improve the corrosion resistance. Best results for all tested nitride coated samples were obtained for the Ti Al N coating. The OCP vs. Saturated Calomel Electrode (SCE) (60 min) measurements indicated that most samples were nobler than the un-coated substrate. The mentioned potentials depend on the deposition conditions and the film microstructure. Most of the coatings lose some of their protective capabilities after an high temperature annealing. In contrast to the Ti-based hard coatings, the corrosion resistance of CrN is improved by a 800ºC annealing treatment in air.
Publisher version
AccessOpen access
Appears in Collections:CDF - GRF - Artigos/Papers (with refereeing)

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