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TitleInfluence of physico-chemical surface characteristics on the adhesion of Alcaligenes denitrificans to polymeric supports
Author(s)Teixeira, P.
Oliveira, Rosário
KeywordsInitial adhesion
Polymeric supports
Surface properties
Issue date1998
PublisherUniversidade do Minho. Departamento de Engenharia Biológica (DEB)
CitationMOTA, Manuel ; FERREIRA, Eugénio C., ed. - "BIOTEC'98 : book of abstracts". Braga : Universidade do Minho. Departamento de Engenharia Biológica, 1998. ISBN 972-97810-0-1. p. 170.
Abstract(s)One way to avoid the washout limitation in continuous biological systems and to increase productivity is to retain the cells inside the reactor via immobilisation onto a supporting material. From a physical-chemical point of view, adhesion of cells to solid surfaces is determined by the interplay of electrostatic and hydrophobic interactions. Thus, the nature of the surface of the microorganisms and supports are deciding factors. The two characteristics of relevance are electrokinetic potential and hydrophobicity. Studies were performed to determine which type of material promotes a stronger adhesion of Alcaligenes denitrificans and the development of the most stable biofilm, to be used as biomass carrier in denitrifying inverse fluidised bed reactors. The supports are: high-density polyethylene (HDPE), polypropylene (PP), polyvinylchloride (PVC) and polymethyl-methacrylate (PMMA). This study also aims at determining if in the initial adhesion process prevails the electrostatic interaction or hydrophobicity. The zeta potential of the cells and supports was calculated by electrophoretic mobility measurements and the hydrophobicity was determined by contact angle measurements, using the concept that a material is hydrophobic when the interfacial free energy of interaction of its particles immersed in water is negative, and is hydrophilic when that energy is positive [1]. Initial adhesion tests were performed with four slides of each type of support horizontally placed in a sterile small container and 100 ml of bacterial suspension were added. After 2 hours of incubation at 27ºC and 90 r.p.m., the slides were rinsed with sterilised water. They were then covered with a 0.1% acridine orange solution and observed under an epifluorescence microscope. The images were acquired by microscope photography and then digitised. The number of bacteria per square mm was enumerated by image analysis.
AccessOpen access
Appears in Collections:CEB - Resumos em Livros de Atas / Abstracts in Proceedings

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