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TitleSilver activation on thin films of Ag-ZrCN coatings for antimicrobial activity
Author(s)Ferreri, Isabel
Velasco, Sebastian Calderon
Escobar Galindo, R.
Palacio, C.
Henriques, Mariana
Piedade, Ana Paula
Carvalho, S.
Bacterial adhesion
Silver activation
Issue date2015
PublisherElsevier B.V.
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering: C
CitationSilva, I.; Calderon V. , S.; Escobar Galindo, R.; Palacio, C.; Henriques, Mariana; Piedade, A. P.; Carvalho, S., Silver activation on thin films of Ag-ZrCN coatings for antimicrobial activity. Materials Science & Engineering C: Materials for Biological Applications, 55, 547-555, 2015
Abstract(s)Nowadays, with the increase of elderly population and related health problems, knee and hip joint prosthesis are being widely used worldwide. However, failure of these invasive devices occurs in a high percentage thus demanding the revision of the chirurgical procedure. Within the reasons of failure, microbial infections, either hospital or subsequently-acquired, contribute in high number to the statistics. Staphylococcus epidermidis (S. epidermidis) has emerged as one of the major nosocomial pathogens associated with these infections. Silver has a historic performance in medicine due to its potent antimicrobial activity, with a broad-spectrum on the activity of different types of microorganisms. Consequently, the main goal of this work was to produce Ag-ZrCN coatings with antimicrobial activity, for the surface modification of hip prostheses. Thin films of ZrCN with several silver concentrations were deposited onto stainless steel 316 L, by DC reactive magnetron sputtering, using two targets, Zr and Zr with silver pellets (Zr + Ag target), in an atmosphere containing Ar, C2H2 and N2. The antimicrobial activity of the modified surfaces was tested against S. epidermidis and the influence of an activation step of silver was assessed by testing samples after immersion in a 5 % (w/v) NaClO solution for 5 minutes. The activation procedure revealed to be essential for the antimicrobial activity, as observed by the presence of an inhibition halo on the surface with 11 at. % of Ag. The morphology analysis of the surface before and after the activation procedure revealed differences in silver distribution indicating segregation/diffusion of the metallic element to the films surface. Thus, the results indicate that the silver activation step is responsible for an antimicrobial effect of the coatings, due to silver oxidation and silver ion release.
Publisher version
AccessOpen access
Appears in Collections:CEB - Publicações em Revistas/Séries Internacionais / Publications in International Journals/Series

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