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TitleInfluence of the local morphology on the surface tension of injection molded polypropylene
Author(s)Gomes, M.
Pontes, A. J.
Viana, J. C.
Contact angle
Injection molding
Molecular orientation
Issue date2014
PublisherAIP Publishing
JournalAIP Conference Proceedings
Abstract(s)In this work, we investigate the development of the morphology of an injection molding polypropylene under the local thermomechanical environment imposed during processing, and its effect on the contact angle and, hence, on the surface tension of the moldings. Melt and mold temperatures were varied in two levels. The local thermomechanical environment was characterized by mold filling computational simulations that allow the calculation of thermomechanical variables (e.g., local temperatures, shear stresses) and indices (related to the local morphology development). In order to investigate the structural hierarchy variations of the moldings in the thickness direction, samples from skin to core were used. The molecular orientation and degree of crystallinity were determined as function of the thickness, as well as the contact angle. The variations of the degree of crystallinity were assessed by differential scanning calorimetry. The level of molecular orientation was evaluated by birefringence measurements. The contact angles were measured in deionized water by sessile drop (needle in) method at room temperature, to determine the wettability of the samples. The contact angles were found to vary along the molding thickness in the skin, transition and core layers. These variations are related to the local morphologies developed. Results suggest that water contact angle increases with the level of molecular orientation and for finer microstructures.
TypeConference paper
DescriptionPublicado em “Proceedings of PPS-29 : The 29th International Conference of the Polymer Processing Society - Conference Papers. ISBN 978-0-7354-1227-9”
AccessOpen access
Appears in Collections:IPC - Artigos em revistas científicas internacionais com arbitragem

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