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TitleDevelopment of porous alumina membranes for treatment of textile effluent
Author(s)Silva, Késia Karina O. S.
Paskocimas, Carlos A.
Oliveira, Fernando R.
Nascimento, José Heriberto Oliveira do
Zille, Andrea
Porous membranes
Textile effluent
Issue date2016
PublisherTaylor & Francis
JournalDesalination and water treatment
CitationKésia Karina O.S. Silva, Carlos A. Paskocimas, Fernando R. Oliveira, José H.O. Nascimento & Andrea Zille (2016): Development of porous alumina membranes for treatment of textile effluent, Desalination and Water Treatment, DOI: 10.1080/19443994.2015.1018333
Abstract(s)Ceramic porous membranes sintered at two different temperature using polyvinyl alcohol and ethylene glycol as binders, and composed of two types of α-alumina with different particle sizes were investigated for the microfiltration of a textile effluent containing indigo dye, auxiliaries, heavy metals, oils, and solids. The physicochemical properties of the membranes and effluent were evaluated. X-ray diffraction, energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimetry, and thermogravimetric analysis confirm that the thin membrane is composed of high crystalline and pure α-alumina. Scanning electron microscopy observation indicates that the membranes have smooth porous surface making it suitable for microfiltration applications. The membrane sintered at 1,450˚C exhibited higher water absorption (WA) and apparent porosity than that sintered at 1,475˚C. The apparent specific gravity and flexural strength are in inverse correlation with the WA due to the enhanced densification of the membranes. The filtered effluent was evaluated using a membrane with an average pore size of 0.4 μm and a total porosity of 29.6%. The average values of rejection were 90% for color, 93% for suspended solids, 95% for turbidity, 60% for metals, and 73% for chemical oxygen demand. These results demonstrate that low-cost ceramic alumina membranes are a very promising advanced treatment for textile industrial effluents.
DescriptionPublished online: 27 Feb 2015
Appears in Collections:DET/2C2T - Artigos em revistas internacionais com arbitragem científica

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