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TitleIn vitro evaluation of cell-seeded chitosan films for peripheral nerve tissue engineering
Author(s)Wrobel, Sandra
Serra, Sofia Cristina
Samy, S. M.
Sousa, Nuno
Heimann, Claudia
Barwig, Christina
Grothe, Claudia
Salgado, A. J.
Talini, Kirsten Haastert
Issue date2014
PublisherMary Ann Liebert
JournalTissue Engineering. Part A
Abstract(s)Natural biomaterials have attracted an increasing interest in the field of tissue-engineered nerve grafts, representing a possible alternative to autologous nerve transplantation. With the prospect of developing a novel entubulation strategy for transected nerves with cell-seeded chitosan films, we examined the biocompatibility of such films in vitro. Different types of rat Schwann cells (SCs)-immortalized, neonatal, and adult-as well as rat bone-marrow-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (BMSCs) were analyzed with regard to their cell metabolic activity, proliferation profiles, and cell morphology after different time points of mono-and cocultures on the chitosan films. Overall the results demonstrate a good cytocompatibility of the chitosan substrate. Both cell types were viable on the biomaterial and showed different metabolic activities and proliferation behavior, indicating cell-type-specific cell-biomaterial interaction. Moreover, the cell types also displayed their typical morphology. In cocultures adult SCs used the BMSCs as a feeder layer and no negative interactions between both cell types were detected. Further, the chitosan films allow neurite outgrowth from dissociated sensory neurons, which is additionally supported on film preseeded with SC-BMSC cocultures. The presented chitosan films therefore demonstrate high potential for their use in tissue-engineered nerve grafts.
Publisher version
AccessOpen access
Appears in Collections:ICVS - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais com Referee

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